Infant rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) personality and subjective well-being


Autoři: Elizabeth A. Simpson aff001;  Lauren M. Robinson aff002;  Annika Paukner aff004
Působiště autorů: Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, United States of America aff001;  Konrad Lorenz Institute of Ethology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Vienna, Austria aff002;  Language Research Center, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America aff003;  Department of Psychology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, England, United Kingdom aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226747

Souhrn

Infant temperament is theorized to lay the foundation for adult personality; however, many questions remain regarding personality in infancy, including the number of dimensions, extent to which they are adult-like, and their relation to other outcomes, such as mental and physical health. Here we tested whether adult-like personality dimensions are already present in infancy in a nonhuman primate species. We measured personality and subjective well-being in 7-month-old rhesus macaques (N = 55) using the Hominoid Personality Questionnaire and Subjective Well-Being Questionnaire, both of which were developed for adult primates based on human measures. Multiple human raters, who provided infants with daily care since birth, independently rated each infant. We found high interrater reliability. Results from a parallel analysis and scree plot indicated a five component structure, which, using principal components analysis, we found to be comprised of dimensions relating to Openness (e.g., curiosity, inquisitive, playfulness), Assertiveness (e.g., dominance, bullying, aggressive), Anxiety (e.g., vigilance, fearful), Friendliness (e.g., sociable, affectionate, sympathetic), and Intellect (e.g., organized, not erratic). These components are largely analogous to those in adult macaques, suggesting remarkably stable structural personality components across the lifespan. Infant macaques’ subjective well-being positively correlates with Openness and Assertiveness and negatively correlated with Anxiety, similar to findings in adult macaques and other primates. Together, these findings suggest that, in macaques, infant personality dimensions may be conceptually related to adult personality and challenge the view that infant temperament may be disorganized and not as meaningful as adult personality. Further research is necessary to explore the antecedents, predictive validity, and stability of these personality components across situations and with development.

Klíčová slova:

Adults – Behavior – Macaque – Personality – Personality traits – Primates – Psychometrics – Rhesus monkeys


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2019 Číslo 12