Acceptability of early childhood obesity prediction models to New Zealand families


Autoři: Éadaoin M. Butler aff001;  José G. B. Derraik aff001;  Marewa Glover aff004;  Susan M. B. Morton aff001;  El-Shadan Tautolo aff001;  Rachael W. Taylor aff001;  Wayne S. Cutfield aff001
Působiště autorů: A Better Start–National Science Challenge, Auckland, New Zealand aff001;  Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand aff002;  Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden aff003;  School of Health Sciences, College of Health, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand aff004;  Centre of Research Excellence Indigenous Sovereignty & Smoking, Auckland, New Zealand aff005;  Centre for Longitudinal Research–He Ara ki Mua, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand aff006;  School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand aff007;  Centre for Pacific Health & Development Research, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand aff008;  Department of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand aff009
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225212

Souhrn

Objective

While prediction models can estimate an infant’s risk of developing obesity at a later point in early childhood, caregiver receptiveness to such information is largely unknown. We aimed to assess the acceptability of these models to New Zealand caregivers.

Methods

An anonymous questionnaire was distributed online. The questionnaire consisted of multiple choice and Likert scale questions. Respondents were parents, caregivers, and grandparents of children aged ≤5 years.

Results

1,934 questionnaires were analysed. Responses were received from caregivers of various ethnicities and levels of education. Nearly two-thirds (62.1%) of respondents would “definitely” or “probably” want to hear if their infant was at risk of early childhood obesity, although “worried” (77.0%) and “upset” (53.0%) were the most frequently anticipated responses to such information. With lower mean scores reflecting higher levels of acceptance, grandparents (mean score = 1.67) were more receptive than parents (2.10; p = 0.0002) and other caregivers (2.13; p = 0.021); males (1.83) were more receptive than females (2.11; p = 0.005); and Asian respondents (1.68) were more receptive than those of European (2.05; p = 0.003), Māori (2.11; p = 0.002), or Pacific (2.03; p = 0.042) ethnicities. There were no differences in acceptance according to socioeconomic status, levels of education, or other ethnicities.

Conclusions

Almost two-thirds of respondents were receptive to communication regarding their infant’s risk of childhood obesity. While our results must be interpreted with some caution due to their hypothetical nature, findings suggest that if delivered in a sensitive manner to minimise caregiver distress, early childhood obesity risk prediction could be a useful tool to inform interventions to reduce childhood obesity in New Zealand.

Klíčová slova:

Body Mass Index – Ethnicities – Childhood obesity – Children – Infants – Socioeconomic aspects of health – Surveys


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 12