Measuring subjective social status in children of diverse societies


Autoři: Dorsa Amir aff001;  Claudia Valeggia aff001;  Mahesh Srinivasan aff002;  Lawrence S. Sugiyama aff003;  Yarrow Dunham aff004
Působiště autorů: Yale University, Department of Anthropology, New Haven, CT, United States of America aff001;  University of California, Department of Psychology, Berkeley, CA, United States of America aff002;  University of Oregon, Department of Anthropology, Eugene, OR, United States of America aff003;  Yale University, Department of Psychology, New Haven, CT, United States of America aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226550

Souhrn

Subjective Social Status (SSS) is a robust predictor of psychological and physiological outcomes, frequently measured as self-reported placement on the MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status. Despite its importance, however, there are still open questions regarding how early into ontogeny SSS can be measured, and how well SSS measures can be extended to non-Western and small-scale populations. Here, we investigate the internal consistency of responses to the MacArthur ladder across four cultures by comparing responses to more explicit social comparison questions. We conduct these comparisons among children and adolescents, ages 4 to 18, in India, the United States, and Argentina, in addition to those in two indigenous communities of the Ecuadorean Amazon marked by differing degrees of market integration (total N = 363). We find that responses are consistent in all populations, except for the more remote forager-horticulturalist Ecuadorian community. We also find that, consistent with findings among American adolescents, SSS declines with age. We then assess the test-retest reliability of the MacArthur Scale across two time-points: a subset of Indian participants (N = 43) within one week, and a larger, second sample of Indian participants after one year (N = 665). We find that responses are highly correlated within one week (ρ = 0.47), and moderately correlated after one year (ρ = 0.32). These results suggest that responses to the MacArthur ladder are internally consistent and reliable among children across a range of diverse populations, though care must be taken in utilizing these measures among children of non-industrial, small-scale societies.

Klíčová slova:

Adolescents – Argentina – Ecuador – Children – India – Social status – Socioeconomic aspects of health – Valleys


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 12