Description and phylogeny of a new species of Liolaemus (Iguania: Liolaemidae) endemic to the south of the Plurinational State of Bolivia


Autoři: Cristian Simón Abdala aff001;  Alvaro J. Aguilar-Kirigin aff003;  Romina Valeria Semhan aff001;  Ana Lucia Bulacios Arroyo aff001;  Julián Valdes aff001;  Marcos Maximiliano Paz aff001;  Roberto Gutiérrez Poblete aff005;  Pablo Valladares Faundez aff006;  Robert Langstroth aff003;  James Aparicio aff003
Působiště autorů: Consejo Nacional de Investigación Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)—Unidad Ejecutora Lillo (UEL), San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina aff001;  Facultad de Ciencias Naturales e Instituto Miguel Lillo (IML), Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina aff002;  Área de Herpetología, Colección Boliviana de Fauna, Campus Universitario de Cota Cota, Facultad de Ciencias Puras y Naturales, Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, La Paz, Bolivia aff003;  Cátedra Genética Evolutiva, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales y Agrimensura, Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina aff004;  Museo de Historia Natural, Universidad Nacional de San Agustín, Arequipa, Perú aff005;  Laboratorio de Zoología Integrativa, Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica, Chile aff006;  Museo Nacional de Historia Natural (MNHN), Cota Cota (Ovidio Suárez), La Paz, Bolivia aff007
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225815

Souhrn

The Liolaemus montanus group is a diverse group of lizards that ranges from central Peru to southwestern Mendoza, Argentina, including much of the Plurinational State of Bolivia (“Bolivia”) and Chile. The species of this group mainly inhabit high elevation areas with cold temperatures. In the last years, several species of this group have been described, mostly in Argentina and Chile. In Bolivia, there are at least thirteen valid species belonging to the L. montanus group. In this study, we describe a new species of the L. montanus group with a marked endemism in the Cordillera de Sama of the Tarija Department, Bolivia, and a combination of unique character states that allows its formal description as a new species. The phylogenetic relationships based on analysis of 159 morphological characters suggest that it belongs to the L. montanus group, and that it is closest to Liolaemus pulcherrimus, which is found allopatrically in a small area of the Jujuy Province, Argentina. The multivariate analyses of 66 morphological characters support the phylogenetic relationships. Statistical analyses of inter-species comparisons of morphological characters are not considered the only methods due to the non-independence of some characters states among species; thus, a phylogenetic analysis is recommended. The detailed revision of specimens of the L. montanus group held in the collections of Bolivia is filling major geographic gaps and improving our understanding of the phylogenetic and biogeographic relationships of this widely distributed group of South American lizards.

Klíčová slova:

Argentina – Bolivia – Fingers – New species reports – Phylogenetic analysis – Phylogenetics – Taxonomy – Toes


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