Postural stability of 5-year-old girls and boys with different body heights

Autoři: Magdalena Plandowska aff001;  Małgorzata Lichota aff001;  Krystyna Górniak aff001
Působiště autorů: Faculty of Physical Education and Health, Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article



Postural stability is one of the determinants of proper body posture and a condition for developing motor abilities in every human being. The measurement of the centre of pressure (COP) location and displacement is the most common technique of postural stability assessment.


The aim of this study was to assess differences in postural stability depending on sex of 5-year-old children with different body heights.


A study included 435 healthy children (200 girls and 235 boys) born in 2010 whose parents gave a written consent to their participation in the project. Postural stability was assessed with the use of the dynamographic platform (Zebris FDM 1.8). The assessment of postural stability was based on COP shift parameters (sway path length of COP and average velocity of COP) and COP surface area parameters (area of the ellipse, length of ellipse in the anterior-posterior direction and length of the ellipse in the medial-lateral direction). Body height was measured with Holtein anthropometer and the obtained values were compared with percentile ranks determined by the WHO.


The analysis of the parameters describing postural stability in the examined children revealed dimorphism. For the COP shift parameters and COP surface area parameters, the level of statistical significance was recorded for girls and boys. Girls achieved lower results of these parameters than boys regardless of their body height. In the groups of normal- and tall-statured children, differences between the genders were statistically significant.


The present study characterised sex differences in postural stability of 5-year-old children. Sex-related differences were found during a natural stance for all COP parameters. Girls maintained a two-legged standing position with lower sway velocity and a smaller range of sway than their male counterparts. Normal- and tall-statured girls demonstrated better postural stability significantly more often than boys.

Klíčová slova:

Age groups – Body height – Body limbs – Ellipses – Children – Postural control – Sensory systems – Walking


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2019 Číslo 12
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