Early life starvation has stronger intra-generational than transgenerational effects on key life-history traits and consumption measures in a sawfly


Autoři: Sarah Catherine Paul aff001;  Rocky Putra aff001;  Caroline Müller aff001
Působiště autorů: Chemical Ecology, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany aff001;  Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW, Australia aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226519

Souhrn

Resource availability during development shapes not only adult phenotype but also the phenotype of subsequent offspring. When resources are absent and periods of starvation occur in early life, such developmental stress often influences key life-history traits in a way that benefits individuals and their offspring when facing further bouts of starvation. Here we investigated the impacts of different starvation regimes during larval development on life-history traits and measures of consumption in the turnip sawfly, Athalia rosae (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). We then assessed whether offspring of starved and non-starved parents differed in their own life-history if reared in conditions that either matched that of their parents or were a mismatch. Early life starvation effects were more pronounced within than across generations in A. rosae, with negative impacts on adult body mass and increases in developmental time, but no effects on adult longevity in either generation. We found some evidence of higher growth rates in larvae having experienced starvation, although this did not ameliorate the overall negative effect of larval starvation on adult size. However, further work is necessary to disentangle the effects of larval size and instar from those of starvation treatment. Finally, we found weak evidence for transgenerational effects on larval growth, with intra-generational larval starvation experience being more decisive for life-history traits. Our study demonstrates that intra-generational effects of starvation are stronger than transgenerational effects on life-history traits and consumption measures in A. rosae.

Klíčová slova:

Diet – Flowering plants – Food – Food consumption – Larvae – Leaves – Phenotypes – Starvation


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2019 Číslo 12