1. Baugh TG, Ericson JE, editors. Prehistoric exchange systems in North America. New York: Springer Science & Business Media; 2013.
2. Seeman MF, Nolan KC, Hill MA. Copper as an essential and exotic Hopewell metal. J Archaeol Sci: Rep 2019; 24: 1095–1101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.12.019
3. Taché K. New perspectives on Meadowood trade items. Amer Antiq 2011;76:41–79. https://doi.org/10.7183/0002-73126.96.36.199
4. Giles BT, Knapp TD. A Mississippian mace at Iroquoia's southern door. Midcont J Archaeol. 2015; 40: 73–95. https://doi.org/10.1179/2327427114Y.0000000017
5. Loewen B, Chapdelaine C, editors. Contact in the 16th century: networks among fishers, foragers, and farmers. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of History; 2016
6. Garrard C. Petun to Wyandot: the Ontario Petun from the sixteenth century, Pilon J-C, Fox W, editors. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of History; 2014.
7. Tuck JA. Onondaga Iroquois prehistory: a study in settlement archaeology. Syracuse University Press; 1971.
8. Rankin LK. Contact in the 16th Century: Networks Among Fishers, Foragers and Farmers. In Loewen B, Chapdelaine C, editors. Contact in the 16th century: networks among fishers, foragers, and farmers. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of History; 2016. pp. 11–30.
9. Gilbert W. Beothuk-European contact in the 16th century: a re-evaluation of the documentary evidence. Acadiensis 2011; 40: 24–44. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41803309
10. Ramsden PG. Two views on Late Prehistoric Iroquois trade and settlement: I: an hypothesis concerning the effects of early European trade among some Ontario Iroquois. Canad J Archaeol. 1978; 2: 101–106. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23006525
11. Trigger BG. Natives and newcomers: Canada’s “heroic age” reconsidered. Kingston: Manchester University Press; 1986.
12. Williamson RF, Burchell M, Fox WA, Grant S. Looking Eastward: Fifteenth- and Early Sixteenth-Century Exchange Systems of the North Shore Ancestral Wendat. In Loewen B, Chapdelaine C, editors. Contact in the 16th century: networks among fishers, foragers, and farmers. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of History; 2016. pp. 235–255.
13. Manning SW, Birch J, Conger MA, Dee MW, Griggs C, Hadden CS, et al. Radiocarbon re-dating of Contact era Iroquoian history in northeastern North America. Sci Adv 2018; 4, eaav0280. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav0280 30525108
14. Manning SW, Birch J, Conger MA, Dee MW, Griggs C, Hadden CS. Contact-era chronology-building in Iroquoia: age-estimates for Arendarhonon sites and implications for identifying Champlain’s Chiagué. Amer Antiq; 84: 684–707. https://doi.org/10.1017/aaq.2019.60
15. Funk RE, Kuhn RD. Three sixteenth-century Mohawk Iroquois village sites. New York State Museum Bulletin 503. Albany: The University of the State of New York; 2003. http://exhibitions.nysm.nysed.gov/publications/bulletin/503-14603.pdf
16. Kuhn RD, Funk RE. Boning up on the Mohawk: an overview of Mohawk faunal assemblages and subsistence patterns. Archaeol East N Am. 2000; 28: 29–62. https://www.jstor.org/stable/40914437
17. Snow DR. Mohawk Valley archaeology: the sites. Occasional Papers in Anthropology 23. University Park: Matson Museum of Anthropology, The Pennsylvania State University. 1995a https://journals.psu.edu/opa/article/view/59781
18. Lenig D. Of Dutchmen, beaver hats, and Iroquois. In Funk RE, Hayes CF III, editors. Current perspectives in northeastern archaeology: essays in honor of Willaim A. Ritchie. Research and Transactions 17, Number 1. Rochester & Albany: New York State Archaeological Association; 1977. pp. 71–84.
19. Loewen B, Delmas V. The Basques in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and adjacent shores. Can J Archaeol 2012; 36: 213–266. https://www.jstor.org/stable/43489188
20. Snow DR. Microchronology and demographic evidence relating to the size of pre-Columbian North American Indian populations. Science 1995; 268: 1601–1604. doi: 10.1126/science.268.5217.1601 17754613
21. Bronk Ramsey C. Radiocarbon dating: revolutions in understanding. Archaeometry 2008; 50: 249–275. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2008.00394.x
22. Reimer P, Bard E, Bayliss A, Beck JW, Blackwell PG, Bronk Ramsey C, et al. IntCal 13 and Marine 13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0–50,000 Years cal BP. Radiocarbon 2013; 55: 1869–1887. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16947
23. Bronk Ramsey C. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 2009; 51: 337–360. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200033865
24. Bayliss A. Rolling out revolution: using radiocarbon dating in archaeology. Radiocarbon 2009; 51: 123–147. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200033750
25. Whittle A, Healy F, Bayliss A. Gathering time: dating the early Neolithic enclosures of southern Britain and Ireland. Oxford: Oxbow Books. 2011.
26. Manning SW. Radiocarbon dating and archaeology: history, progress and present status. In: Chapman R, Wylie A, editors. Material evidence: learning from archaeological practice Abingdon: Routledge; 2015. pp. 128–158.
27. Hamilton WD, Krus AM. The myths and realities of Bayesian chronological modeling revealed. Am Antiq 2018;83:187–203. https://doi.org/10.1017/aaq.2017.57
28. Bamann SE. Settlement nucleation in Mohawk Iroquois prehistory: an analysis of site sequence in the lower Otstungo drainage of the Mohawk valley. Ph.D. dissertation, Albany: University at Albany; 1993.
29. Lenig D. The Oak Hill Horizon and its relation to the development of Five Nations Iroquois culture. Buffalo: New York State Archaeological Association; 1965.
30. Lening W. Prehistoric Mohawk studies: The Mohawk Valley Project and beyond. 2013 [Cited 8 July 2019] Available from: https://www.academia.edu/3985881/Prehistoric_Mohawk_Studies_The_Mohawk_Valley_Project_and_Beyond
31. Dussubieux L, Walder H. Identifying American native and European smelted coppers with pXRF: a case study of artifacts from the Upper Great Lakes region. Journal of Archaeological Science 2015;59:169–178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2015.04.011
32. Blakemore DR, Sparks CR, Bos NH. Concentration of metals associated with the native copper deposits of northern Michigan. The Compass 2017; 88:1. http://digitalcommons.csbsju.edu/compass/vol88/iss4/1
33. Abel TJ, Bradley JW, Anderson L. Rediscovery and Analysis of Copper Beads from Two Iroquoian Sites in Jefferson County, New York. The Bulletin: Journal of the New York State Archaeological Association. 2019; 133: in press.
34. Fitzgerald WR. Chronology to cultural process: lower Great Lakes archaeology, 1500–1650. Ph.D. dissertation. Montreal: McGill University. 1990.
35. Beaumont W, Beverly R, Southon J, Taylor RE. Bone preparation at the KCCAMS laboratory. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B Beam Interact. Mater. At. 2010; 268: 906–909. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2009.10.061
36. van Klinken GJ. Bone Collagen Quality Indicators for Palaeodietary and Radiocarbon Measurements. J. Archaeol. Sci. 1999; 26: 687–695. https://doi.org/10.1006/jasc.1998.0385
37. Reuther JD, Gerlach SC. Testing the “Dicarb problem”: a case study from North Alaska. Radiocarbon 2005; 47: 359–366. https://doi.org/10.1017/S003382220003513X
38. Bronk Ramsey C. Dealing with outliers and offsets in radiocarbon dating. Radiocarbon 2009;51: 1023–1045. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200034093
39. Warrick GA. Estimating Ontario Iroquoian village duration. Man in the Northeast 1988; 36: 21–60.
40. Abel TJ, Vavrasek J, Hart JP. 2019. Radiocarbon dating the Iroquoian occupation of northern New York. Am Antiq 84:748–761. https://dx.org/10.1017/aaq.2019.50
41. Ritchie WA, Funk RE. Aboriginal settlement patterns in the Northeast. New York State Museum Memoir 20. Albany: The University of the State of New York; 1973. https://nysl.ptfs.com:443/awweb/guest.jsp?smd=1&cl=all_lib&lb_document_id=72447
42. Ritchie WA. The archaeology of New York State. New York: Natural History Press; 1969.
43. Bradley JW. Before Albany: an archaeology of native-Dutch relations in the capital region, 1600–1664. New York State Museum Bulletin 509. Albany: The University of the State of New York; 2007. https://nysl.ptfs.com:443/awweb/guest.jsp?smd=1&cl=all_lib&lb_document_id=3848
44. Birch J, Williamson RF. The Mantle site: an archaeological history of an ancestral Wendat community. Lanham: AltaMira Press; 2013.
45. Hawkins AL, Petrus JA, Anselmi LM, Crawford G. Laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry analysis of copper-based artifacts from Southern Ontario and the chronology of the indirect contact period. J Archaeol Sci: Rep 2016; 6: 332–341. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.02.022
46. Beverly RK, Beaumont W, Tauz D, Ormsby KM, von Reden KF, Santos GM, et al. The Keck Carbon Cycle AMS Laboratory, University of California, Irvine: status report. Radiocarbon 2010; 52: 301–309. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200045343
47. Bayliss A. Quality in Bayesian chronological models in archaeology. World Archaeol 2015; 47: 677–700. https://doi.org/10.1080/00438243.2015.1067640
48. Waterbolk HT. Working with Radiocarbon Dates. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 1971; 37: 15–33. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0079497X00012548
49. Dee MW, Bronk Ramsey C. High-precision Bayesian modelling of samples susceptible to inbuilt age. Radiocarbon 2014; 56: 83–94. https://doi.org/10.2458/56.16685
50. Ward GK, Wilson SR. Procedures for comparing and combining radiocarbon age determinations: a critique. Archaeometry 1978; 20:19–31. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.1978.tb00208.x
51. Stuiver M, Braziunas TF. Anthropogenic and solar components of hemispheric 14C. Geophys Res Lett 1998; 25: 329–332. https://doi.org/10.1029/97GL03694
52. Higham T, Douka K, Wood R, Bronk Ramsey C, Brock F, Basell L, et al. The timing and spatiotemporal patterning of Neanderthal disappearance. Nature 2014; 512: 306–309. doi: 10.1038/nature13621 25143113
53. Rumrill DA. The Mohawk glass trade bead chronology: ca. 1560–1785. Beads: J Soc Bead Res 1991; 3: 5–45. https://surface.syr.edu/beads/vol3/iss1/4
54. Kenyon IT, Kenyon T. Comments on 17th century glass trade beads from Ontario. In: Hayes III, CF, editor. Proceedings of the 1982 glass bead conference. Rochester, Rochester Museum & Science Center; 1983. pp. 59–74.
55. Richter DK. The Ordeal of the Longhouse. The Peoples of the Iroquois League in the Era of European Colonization. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press; 1992. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5149/9780807867914_richter.