Prevalence of drug–drug interaction in atrial fibrillation patients based on a large claims data


Autoři: Kenji Momo aff001;  Haruna Kobayashi aff002;  Yuuka Sugiura aff002;  Takeo Yasu aff001;  Masayoshi Koinuma aff002;  Sei-ichiro Kuroda aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Pharmacy, The Institute of Medical Science Hospital, The University of Tokyo, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan aff001;  Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Teikyo Heisei University, Nakano-ku, Tokyo, Japan aff002;  Department of Hospital Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Showa University, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, Japan aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225297

Souhrn

This study aimed to compare and determine the prevalence of drug–drug interaction (DDI) and bleeding rate in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients receiving anticoagulants in a clinical setting. We used large claims data of AF patients obtained from the Japan Medical Data Center. The prevalence of DDIs and cases leading to bleeding events were surveyed clinically relevant DDIs extracted from 1) reported from a spontaneous adverse event reporting system (Japanese Adverse Drug Events Report system; JADER) ≥4 patients; 2) DDIs cited in the package inserts of each anticoagulant (each combination assessed according to “Drug interaction 2015” list; 3) warfarin and quinolone antibiotics DDIs. DDIs were categorized the mechanisms for pharmacokinetic DDI (Cytochrome P450 (CYP) or transporter etc. that modulate blood concentration of anticoagulants)/pharmacodynamic DDI (combination with similar pharmacological actions) or both in the analysis for each patients’ prescriptions obtained from a claims data. AF patients were compared between cases with and without bleeding after administered of anticoagulants. Bleeding was observed in 220/3290 (6.7%) AF patients. The bleeding rate in patients with both pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic DDI mechanisms (26.3%) was higher than that in patients with either mechanism (8.6% and 9.2%, respectively) or without DDIs (4.9%). The odds ratio for bleeding in AF patients with both of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic was (7.18 [4.69–11.00], p<0.001). Our study concluded multi mechanism based DDIs leads serious outcome as compared to that of single mechanism based DDIs in AF patients. We determined the prevalence and frequency of bleeding for anticoagulant-related DDIs. To manage DDIs, both pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic DDI mechanisms should be closely monitored for initial symptoms of bleeding within the first 3 months.

Klíčová slova:

Adverse events – Anticoagulant therapy – Anticoagulants – Atrial fibrillation – Japan – Pharmacodynamics – Pharmacokinetics


Zdroje

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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 12