A global model for predicting the arrival of imported dengue infections


Autoři: Jessica Liebig aff001;  Cassie Jansen aff002;  Dean Paini aff003;  Lauren Gardner aff001;  Raja Jurdak aff001
Působiště autorů: Data61, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia aff001;  Communicable Diseases Branch, Department of Health, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia aff002;  Health & Biosecurity, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia aff003;  Department of Civil Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America aff004;  School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia aff005;  School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia aff006;  School of Computer Science and Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia aff007
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225193

Souhrn

With approximately half of the world’s population at risk of contracting dengue, this mosquito-borne disease is of global concern. International travellers significantly contribute to dengue’s rapid and large-scale spread by importing the disease from endemic into non-endemic countries. To prevent future outbreaks and dengue from establishing in non-endemic countries, knowledge about the arrival time and location of infected travellers is crucial. We propose a network model that predicts the monthly number of dengue-infected air passengers arriving at any given airport. We consider international air travel volumes to construct weighted networks, representing passenger flows between airports. We further calculate the probability of passengers, who travel through the international air transport network, being infected with dengue. The probability of being infected depends on the destination, duration and timing of travel. Our findings shed light onto dengue importation routes and reveal country-specific reporting rates that have been until now largely unknown. This paper provides important new knowledge about the spreading dynamics of dengue that is highly beneficial for public health authorities to strategically allocate the often limited resources to more efficiently prevent the spread of dengue.

Klíčová slova:

Airports – Brazil – Epidemiology – Florida – Global health – Health education and awareness – Transportation – Vector-borne diseases


Zdroje

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2019 Číslo 12