Relationship between land surface temperature and fraction of anthropized area in the Atlantic forest region, Brazil


Autoři: Raianny L. N. Wanderley aff001;  Leonardo M. Domingues aff002;  Carlos A. Joly aff003;  Humberto R. da Rocha aff001
Působiště autorů: Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Energia e Ambiente, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Ambiental, São Paulo, Brazil aff001;  Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Departamento de Ciências Atmosféricas, Laboratório de Clima e Biosfera, São Paulo, Brazil aff002;  Universidade de Campinas, Instituto de Biologia, Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225443

Souhrn

There is growing evidence that modification of tropical forests to pasture or other anthropic uses (anthropization) leads to land surface warming at local and regional scales; however, the degree of this effect is unknown given the dependence on physiographic and atmospheric conditions. We investigated the dependence of satellite land surface temperature (LST) on the fraction of anthropized area index, defined as the fraction of non-forested percentual area within 120m square boxes, sampled over a large tropical forest dominated ecosystem spatial domain in the Atlantic Forest biome, southeastern Brazil. The LST estimated at a 30 m resolution, showed a significant dependence on elevation and topographic aspect, which controlled the average thermal regime by 2~4°C and 1~2°C, respectively. The correction of LST by these topographic factors allowed to detect a dependence of LST on the fraction of non-forested area. Accordingly, the relationship between LST and the fraction of non-forested area showed a positive linear relationship (R2 = 0.63), whereby each 25% increase of non-forest area resulted in increased 1°C. As such, increase of the maximum temperature (~4°C) would occur in the case of 100% increase of non-forested area. We conclude that our study area, composed to Atlantic forest, appears to show regulatory characteristics of temperature attenuation as a local climatic ecosystem service, which may have mitigation effects on the accelerated global warming.

Klíčová slova:

Brazil – Deforestation – Ecosystems – Forest ecology – Forests – Surface temperature – Topography – Tropical forests


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 12