Does completion of sputum smear monitoring have an effect on treatment success and cure rate among adult tuberculosis patients in rural Eastern Uganda? A propensity score-matched analysis


Autoři: Jonathan Izudi aff001;  Imelda K. Tamwesigire aff001;  Francis Bajunirwe aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226919

Souhrn

Background

Tuberculosis is a global public health problem. Bacteriologically confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis (BC-PTB) patients require three sputum smear monitoring (SSM) tests to establish cure or treatment success, but few studies have assessed the relationship. We evaluated the effect of completing SSM on treatment success rate (TSR) among adult BC-PTB patients in rural eastern Uganda.

Methods

We conducted a propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis of a retrospective observational cohort data. Participants who completed SSM were matched to those who had not, through nearest neighbor 1:1 caliper matching. Balance of baseline characteristics between the groups was compared before and after PSM using standardized mean differences. Logistic regression analysis was performed in matched and unmatched samples, reported as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Robustness of the results to hidden bias was checked through sensitivity analysis. The primary outcome was TSR (treatment completion or cure), while the secondary was cure rate, measured as an individual outcome.

Results

Before PSM, 591 (72.3%) of the 817 participants had incomplete SSM, with statistically significant differences in baseline covariates between completers and non-completers. After PSM, there were 185 participants in either group, balanced on baseline covariates. Before PSM, SSM completion was not associated with TSR, with unadjusted (OR, 0.92; 95%CI, 0.32–2.63) and adjusted analysis (Adjusted OR, 1.32; 95%CI, 0.41–4.22). For cure rate, there was a statistically significant effect before (OR, 93.34; 95%CI, 29.53–295.99) and after adjusted analysis (Adjusted OR, 86.24; 95%CI, 27.05–274.94), although imprecise. In PSM analysis, SSM completion was associated with increased odds of cure (OR, 87.00; 95%CI, 12.12–624.59) but not TSR (OR, 1.67; 95%CI, 0.40–6.97).

Conclusions

Completing SSM increases cure but has no effect on TSR among adult BC-PTB patients in eastern Uganda. Implementation of SSM should be encouraged to ensure improvement in cure rates among tuberculosis patients in rural areas.

Klíčová slova:

Age groups – Balance and falls – Drug therapy – Observational studies – Regression analysis – Sputum – Tuberculosis – Uganda


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 12