PTH1-34 improves bone healing by promoting angiogenesis and facilitating MSCs migration and differentiation in a stabilized fracture mouse model

Autoři: Xin Jiang aff001;  Cuidi Xu aff001;  Hongli Shi aff001;  Qun Cheng aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Osteoporosis and Bone Disease, Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Research Section of Geriatric Metabolic Bone Disease, Shanghai Geriatric Institute, Shanghai, China aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article



PTH1-34 (parathyroid hormone 1–34) is the only clinical drug to promote osteogenesis. MSCs (mesenchymal stem cells) have multidirectional differentiation potential and are closely related to fracture healing. This study was to explore the effects of PTH1-34 on proliferation and differentiation of endothelial cells and MSCs in vitro, and on angiogenesis, and MSCs migration during fracture healing in vivo.


Mice with stabilized fracture were assigned to 4 groups: CON, PTH (PTH1-34 40 μg/kg/day), MSC (transplanted with 105 MSCs), PTH+MSCs. Mice were sacrificed 14 days after fracture, and callus tissues were harvested for microCT scan and immunohistochemistry analysis. The effects of PTH1-34 on angiogenesis, and MSCs differentiation and migration were assessed by wound healing, tube formation and immunofluorescence staining.


Treatment with either PTH1-34, or MSCs promoted bone healing and vascular formation in fracture callus. The callus bone mass, bone volume, and bone mineral density were all greater in PTH and/or MSC groups than they were in CON (p<0.05). PTH1-34 increased small vessels formation (diameter ≤50μm), whereas MSCs increased the large ones (diameter >50μm). Expression of CD31 within calluses and trabecular bones were significantly higher in PTH1-34 treated group than that of not (p<0.05). Expression of CD31, VEGFR, VEGFR2, and vWF was upregulated, and wound healing and tube formation were increased in MSCs treated with PTH1-34 compared to that of control.


PTH1-34 improved the proliferation and differentiation of endothelial cells and MSCs, enhancing migration of MSCs to bone callus to promote angiogenesis and osteogenesis, and facilitating fracture healing.

Klíčová slova:

Angiogenesis – Bone fracture – Cell differentiation – Endothelial cells – Mesenchymal stem cells – Mouse models – Ossification – Tissue repair


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