Assessment of the perceived safety culture in the petrochemical industry in Japan: A cross-sectional study

Autoři: Erman Çakıt aff001;  Andrzej Jan Olak aff002;  Atsuo Murata aff003;  Waldemar Karwowski aff004;  Omar Alrehaili aff005;  Tadeusz Marek aff006
Působiště autorů: Department of Industrial Engineering, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey aff001;  The Bronisław Markiewicz State Higher School of Technology and Economics, Jarosław, Poland aff002;  Department of Intelligent Mechanical Systems, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan aff003;  Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, United States of America aff004;  Department of Industrial Engineering, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia aff005;  Institute of Applied Psychology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland aff006
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226416


This study assessed the perceived safety culture among five petrochemical production companies in Japan. Current effects of the perceived safety culture on employee safety motivation and performance were also examined. A total of 883 workers from the five petrochemical companies, which were located in the Chugoku region of Japan, provided valid responses to the survey distributed by email. Structural equation modeling was used to evaluate the personnel safety culture in these industries. The endogenous variables considered in this study included petrochemical safety culture, personnel error behavior and personnel attitudes toward violation behaviors. Petrochemical personnel safety motivation was a mediating variable. This study’s findings highlight the importance of the perceived safety culture as a significant component of the organizational culture that influences employee behaviors and safety attitudes. This study further verifies the significant impact of the perceived safety culture in this industry sector on improving petrochemical personnel safety motivation and performance. Future research should explore the differences between the subcultures that have formed under larger safety cultures within similar high-risk industries, such as construction, aviation, manufacturing and mining.

Klíčová slova:

Behavior – Employment – Industrial organization – Japan – Motivation – Safety equipment – Surveys – Petrochemistry


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2019 Číslo 12