Narrative warmth and quantitative competence: Message type affects impressions of a speaker

Autoři: Jenna L. Clark aff001;  Melanie C. Green aff002;  Joseph J. P. Simons aff003
Působiště autorů: Center for Advanced Hindsight, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America aff001;  Department of Communication, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, United States of America aff002;  Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America aff003;  Institute of High Performance Computing, Singapore, Singapore aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article


Persuasion research often focuses on how source characteristics affect attitude change in response to a message; however, message characteristics may also alter perceptions of the source. The Message-Based Impression Formation effect (M-BIF) suggests that perceivers use features of messages to infer characteristics of the source, and that such inferences may have a variety of consequential outcomes. In particular, the choice of narrative versus statistical evidence may have implications for the perceived warmth and competence of a source. In five experiments, narrative arguments led to greater perceptions of source warmth and statistical arguments led to greater perceptions of source competence. Across the two behavioral studies, a matching effect emerged: participants preferred to work on cooperative tasks with partners who had provided narratives, and competitive tasks with partners who had provided statistical evidence. These results suggest that the evidence type chosen for everyday communications may affect person perception and interpersonal interaction.

Klíčová slova:

Cognition – Communications – Decision making – Finance – Human learning – Learning – Numeracy – Psychological attitudes


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2019 Číslo 12
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