The association of weight status and weight perception with number of confidants in adolescents


Autoři: Asuka Nishida aff001;  Jerome Clifford Foo aff001;  Shinji Shimodera aff003;  Atsushi Nishida aff004;  Yuji Okazaki aff005;  Fumiharu Togo aff001;  Tsukasa Sasaki aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Physical and Health Education, Graduate School of Education, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan aff001;  Department of Genetic Epidemiology in Psychiatry, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany aff002;  Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, Kochi, Japan aff003;  Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science, Tokyo, Japan aff004;  Tokyo Metropolitan Matsuzawa Hospital, Tokyo, Japan aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225908

Souhrn

Weight status and self-weight perception are related to social relationship issues. Studies have suggested links between non-normal weight status or weight perception and youths having fewer confidants, but these relationships are unclear and remain to be studied. This preliminary cross-sectional study examined the effects of weight status and weight perception on the number of confidants in adolescents. Self-report data from 15,279 grade 7–12 students (54.2% boys) were analyzed. The number of confidants (0–3 or ≥ 4) was examined, according to five weight status categories (underweight, low-normal weight, mid-normal weight (reference), high-normal weight, overweight, with Body Mass Index corresponding to ≤ 18.5, ≤ 20.0, ≤ 22.5, ≤ 25.0 and > 25.0 in adults, respectively), and five weight perception categories (too thin, a bit thin, good (reference), a bit fat, too fat). Boys and girls who were overweight and those who perceived themselves to be too fat were significantly more likely to have few confidants. High-normal weight in girls and self-perception of being a bit fat in boys were also associated with having few confidants. In boys, underweight and self-perception of being too thin were additionally associated with having few confidants. Adolescents with non-normal weight status or weight perception may have fewer confidants and require more social support.

Klíčová slova:

Adolescents – Body Mass Index – Depression – Fats – Interpersonal relationships – Mental health and psychiatry – Obesity – Schools


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