The promise of open survey questions—The validation of text-based job satisfaction measures

Autoři: Indy Wijngaards aff001;  Martijn Burger aff001;  Job van Exel aff002
Působiště autorů: Erasmus Happiness Research Organization, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands aff001;  Erasmus School of Health & Policy Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands aff002;  Erasmus School of Economics and Tinbergen Institute, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article


Recent advances in computer-aided text analysis (CATA) have allowed organizational scientists to construct reliable and convenient measures from open texts. As yet, there is a lack of research into using CATA to analyze responses to open survey questions and constructing text-based measures of psychological constructs. In our study, we demonstrated the potential of CATA methods for the construction of text-based job satisfaction measures based on responses to a completely open and semi-open question. To do this, we employed three sentiment analysis techniques: Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count 2015, SentimentR and SentiStrength, and quantified the forms of measurement error they introduced: specific factor error, algorithm error and transient error. We conducted an initial test of the text-based measures’ validity, assessing their convergence with closed-question job satisfaction measures. We adopted a time-lagged survey design (Nwave 1 = 996; Nwave 2 = 116) to test our hypotheses. In line with our hypotheses, we found that specific factor error is higher in the open question text-based measure than in the semi-open question text-based measure. As expected, algorithm error was substantial for both the open and semi-open question text-based measures. Transient error in the text-based measures was higher than expected, as it generally exceeded the transient error in the human-coded and the closed job satisfaction question measures. Our initial test of convergent and discriminant validity indicated that the semi-open question text-based measure is especially suitable for measuring job satisfaction. Our article ends with a discussion of limitations and an agenda for future research.

Klíčová slova:

Algorithms – Emotions – Employment – Jobs – Labor studies – Research validity – Software tools – Surveys


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