Sickness absence and disability pension before and after first childbirth and in nulliparous women by numerical gender segregation of occupations: A Swedish population-based longitudinal cohort study

Autoři: Krisztina D. László aff001;  Charlotte Björkenstam aff001;  Pia Svedberg aff001;  Petra Lindfors aff003;  Kristina Alexanderson aff001
Působiště autorů: Division of Insurance Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden aff001;  Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden aff002;  Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article



Pregnancy is associated with a temporarily increased sickness absence (SA) risk. This association may vary by the level of occupational gender segregation; however, knowledge in this area is limited. We studied whether trends in SA and disability pension (DP) in the years before and after first childbirth among women with one or more childbirths and with no childbirth during the study period varied by occupational gender segregation.


We conducted a population-based register study involving nulliparous women aged 18–39 years, living in Sweden in 2002–2004 (n = 364,411). We classified participants in three childbirth groups as: (1) no childbirth in 2005 or in the next 3.75 years, (2) first childbirth in 2005 and no births in the subsequent 3.75 years, and (3) first childbirth in 2005 and at least one additional birth in the subsequent 3.75 years, and into five categories based on the rate of women in their occupations. We compared crude and standardized mean annual net SA and DP days during the three years before and the three years after 2005 across the childbirth and occupational gender segregation categories.


Women in extremely male-dominated occupations had or tended to have somewhat higher mean combined SA and DP days than women in gender-integrated occupations; women in female-dominated occupations had comparable or tended to have slightly higher mean SA and DP days than women in gender-integrated occupations. Except for the year before the first childbirth, women who gave birth, especially those who gave several births, had generally a lower mean combined standardized SA and DP days than nulliparous women. We found no substantial differences in trends in SA and DP around the time of first childbirth according to occupational gender segregation.


Trends in SA and DP around the time of first childbirth did not vary by occupational gender segregation.

Klíčová slova:

Birth – Employment – Child health – Labor and delivery – Pregnancy – Professions – Sexual and gender issues – Sweden


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