“That’s all Fake”: Health professionals stigma and physical healthcare of people living with Serious Mental Illness


Autoři: Eliut Rivera-Segarra aff001;  Nelson Varas-Díaz aff002;  Axel Santos-Figueroa aff003
Působiště autorů: School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Ponce Health Sciences University, Ponce, Puerto Rico aff001;  Department of Global and Sociocultural Studies, Florida International University, Miami, United States of America aff002;  Department of Psychology, University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez Campus, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226401

Souhrn

Background

People living with a Serious Mental Illness (SMI) die earlier than the general population due to preventable medical conditions. Latinos living with SMI are a particularly vulnerable population with higher prevalence of chronic medical conditions. Stigma has been identified as a factor that fosters health inequities for Latinos/as with SMI, particularly Puerto Ricans. Although personal and social consequences of stigmatization have been well documented, research regarding the role of cultural factors on healthcare interactions is scarce. Furthermore, little research has focused on addressing stigma from the perspective of healthcare professionals.

Methods

We investigated this process through a qualitative design using semi-structured individual interviews with 11 healthcare professionals (8 physicians and 3 nurses) in Puerto Rico. We conducted a thematic analysis to analyze the data.

Results

Following a thematic analysis, we found three main themes and nine sub-themes related to the stigmatization process. Some participants reported perceptions of dangerousness and uneasiness, social distance and inadequate care. Participants also emphasized a lack of medical training regarding SMI within the Puerto Rican context.

Conclusions

These findings support the need to develop culturally appropriate public health interventions targeting healthcare professionals in order to address stigma and eliminate health disparities among Latinos/as with SMI.

Klíčová slova:

Allied health care professionals – Culture – Emotions – Health care policy – Mental health and psychiatry – Physicians – Puerto Rico – Religion


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