Latin American consumption of major food groups: Results from the ELANS study

Autoři: Irina Kovalskys aff001;  Attilio Rigotti aff003;  Berthold Koletzko aff004;  Mauro Fisberg aff005;  Georgina Gómez aff007;  Marianella Herrera-Cuenca aff008;  Lilia Yadira Cortés Sanabria aff009;  Martha Cecilia Yépez García aff010;  Rossina G. Pareja aff011;  Ioná Zalcman Zimberg aff012;  Ana Del Arco aff006;  Luciana Zonis aff001;  Agatha Nogueira Previdelli aff013;  Viviana Guajardo aff001;  Luis A. Moreno aff014;  Regina Fisberg aff016
Působiště autorů: Nutrition, Health and Wellbeing Area, International Life Science Institute (ILSI-Argentina), Buenos Aires, Argentina aff001;  Pontifica Universidad Catolica Argentina Facultad de Medicina, Buenos Aires, Argentina aff002;  Departamento de Nutrición, Diabetes y Metabolismo, Centro de Nutrición Molecular y Enfermedades Crónicas, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica, Santiago, Chile aff003;  Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich, Division of Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Center, Munich, Germany aff004;  Instituto Pensi, Fundação Jose Luiz Egydio Setubal, Hospital Infantil Sabara, São Paulo, Brazil aff005;  Departamento de Pediatria, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil aff006;  Departamento de Bioquímica, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica aff007;  Centro de Estudios del Desarrollo, Universidad Central de Venezuela (CENDES-UCV)/Fundación Bengoa, Caracas, Venezuela aff008;  Departamento de Nutrición y Bioquímica, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia aff009;  Colegio de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador aff010;  Instituto de Investigación Nutricional, Lima, Peru aff011;  Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil aff012;  Faculdade de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade São Judas Tadeu, São Paulo, Brazil aff013;  Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Aragón (IIS Aragón), Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain aff014;  GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain aff015;  Departmento de Nutrição, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil aff016
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article



The Latin American (LA) region is still facing an ongoing epidemiological transition and shows a complex public health scenario regarding non-communicable diseases (NCDs). A healthy diet and consumption of specific food groups may decrease the risk of NCDs, however there is a lack of dietary intake data in LA countries.


Provide updated data on the dietary intake of key science-based selected food groups related to NCDs risk in LA countries.


ELANS (Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health) is a multicenter cross-sectional study assessing food consumption from an urban sample between15 to 65 years old from 8 LA countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela). Two 24-HR were obtained from 9,218 individuals. The daily intake of 10 food groups related to NCDs risk (fruits; vegetables; legumes/beans; nuts and seeds; whole grains products; fish and seafood; yogurt; red meat; processed meats; sugar-sweetened beverages (ready-to-drink and homemade)) were assessed and compared to global recommendations.


Only 7.2% of the overall sample reached WHO’s recommendation for fruits and vegetables consumption (400 grams per day). Regarding the dietary patterns related to a reduced risk of NCDs, among the overall sample legumes and fruits were the food groups with closer intake to the recommendation, although much lower than expected (13.1% and 11.5%, respectively). Less than 3.5% of the sample met the optimal consumption level of vegetables, nuts, whole grains, fish and yogurt. Largest country-dependent differences in average daily consumption were found for legumes, nuts, fish, and yogurt. Mean consumption of SSB showed large differences between countries.


Diet intake quality is deficient for nutrient-dense food groups, suggesting a higher risk for NCDs in the urban LA region in upcoming decades. These data provide relevant and up-to-date information to take urgent public health actions to improve consumption of critically foods in order to prevent NCDs.

Klíčová slova:

Argentina – Beverages – Food – Food consumption – Fruits – Latin American people – Meat – Peru


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