Spike culture derived wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) variants exhibit improved resistance to multiple chemotypes of Fusarium graminearum


Autoři: Chen Huang aff001;  Manu P. Gangola aff001;  Seedhabadee Ganeshan aff001;  Pierre Hucl aff002;  H. Randy Kutcher aff002;  Ravindra N. Chibbar aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Bioresources, Campus Drive, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada aff001;  Crop Development Centre, College of Agriculture and Bioresources, Campus Drive, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226695

Souhrn

Fusarium head blight (FHB) in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), predominantly caused by Fusarium graminearum, has been categorized into three chemotypes depending on the major mycotoxin produced. The three mycotoxins, namely, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-ADON), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON) and nivalenol (NIV) also determine their aggressiveness and response to fungicides. Furthermore, prevalence of these chemotypes changes over time and dynamic changes in chemotypes population in the field have been observed. The objective of this study was to identify spike culture derived variants (SCDV) exhibiting resistance to multiple chemotypes of F. graminearum. First, the optimal volume of inoculum for point inoculation of the spikelets was determined using the susceptible AC Nanda wheat genotype. Fifteen μL of 105 macroconidia/mL was deemed optimal based on FHB disease severity assessment with four chemotypes. Following optimal inoculum volume determination, five chemotypes (Carman-NIV, Carman-705-2-3-ADON, M9-07-1-3-ADON, M1-07-2-15-ADON and China-Fg809-15-ADON) were used to point inoculate AC Nanda spikelets to confirm the mycotoxin produced and FHB severity during infection. Upon confirmation of the mycotoxins produced by the chemotypes, 55 SCDV were utilized to evaluate FHB severity and mycotoxin concentrations. Of the 55 SCDV, five (213.4, 244.1, 245.6, 250.2 and 252.3) resistant lines were identified with resistance to multiple chemotypes and are currently being utilized in a breeding program to develop wheat varieties with improved FHB resistance.

Klíčová slova:

Canada – Cereal crops – Common wheat – Fungal genetics – Fusarium – Population genetics – Wheat – Fusarium graminearum


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