Development and validation of the Scale of Motives for Using Social Networking Sites (SMU-SNS) for adolescents and youths

Autoři: Miguel-Ángel Pertegal aff001;  Alfredo Oliva aff001;  Ana Rodríguez-Meirinhos aff002
Působiště autorů: Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación, Universidad de Sevilla, Seville, Spain aff001;  Department of Communication and Education, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, Seville, Spain aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article


Over the past decade, the Uses and Gratifications theory has driven research on the motives behind social media use. The three most commonly explored motives have been: maintaining relationships, seeking information, and entertainment. The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Scale of Motives for Using Social Networking Sites (SMU-SNS), a measure to assess a wider range of motives for using Social Networking Sites than have previously been researched. A multi-method design with different samples of high-school and university students was used. First, to develop the pool of items, a literature review and a focus group study (n = 48, age range = 16–21) was conducted. Second, to reduce and refine the pool of items a pilot study (n = 168, age range = 14–24) was performed. Third, a validation study (n = 1102, age range = 13–25) was conducted to assess the validity and reliability of the SMU-SNS. Cross-validation using EFA and CFA resulted in a final version comprising 27 items distributed in nine factors (Dating, New Friendships, Academic Purposes, Social Connectedness, Following and Monitoring Others, Entertainment, seeking Social Recognition, Self-expression, and seeking Information). Internal consistency was excellent and evidence of measurement invariance across gender and age was largely achieved. The SMU-SNS scores significantly correlated with other relevant variables, including age, gender, certain personality traits, social support, loneliness, and life satisfaction. Overall, findings supported the SMU-SNS as a valid and reliable measure to assess youth’s motives for using Social Networking Sites. Psychometric and general implications are discussed.

Klíčová slova:

Adolescents – Age groups – Behavior – Facebook – Factor analysis – Interpersonal relationships – Personality – Personality traits


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