Streptococcal phosphotransferase system imports unsaturated hyaluronan disaccharide derived from host extracellular matrices


Autoři: Sayoko Oiki aff001;  Yusuke Nakamichi aff001;  Yukie Maruyama aff002;  Bunzo Mikami aff003;  Kousaku Murata aff002;  Wataru Hashimoto aff001
Působiště autorů: Laboratory of Basic and Applied Molecular Biotechnology, Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto, Japan aff001;  Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Department of Life Science, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Setsunan University, Neyagawa, Osaka, Japan aff002;  Laboratory of Applied Structural Biology, Division of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto, Japan aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224753

Souhrn

Certain bacterial species target the polysaccharide glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) of animal extracellular matrices for colonization and/or infection. GAGs such as hyaluronan and chondroitin sulfate consist of repeating disaccharide units of uronate and amino sugar residues, and are depolymerized to unsaturated disaccharides by bacterial extracellular or cell-surface polysaccharide lyase. The disaccharides are degraded and metabolized by cytoplasmic enzymes such as unsaturated glucuronyl hydrolase, isomerase, and reductase. The genes encoding these enzymes are assembled to form a GAG genetic cluster. Here, we demonstrate the Streptococcus agalactiae phosphotransferase system (PTS) for import of unsaturated hyaluronan disaccharide. S. agalactiae NEM316 was found to depolymerize and assimilate hyaluronan, whereas its mutant with a disruption in the PTS genes included in the GAG cluster was unable to grow on hyaluronan, while retaining the ability to depolymerize hyaluronan. Using toluene-treated wild-type cells, the PTS activity for import of unsaturated hyaluronan disaccharide was significantly higher than that observed in the absence of the substrate. In contrast, the PTS mutant was unable to import unsaturated hyaluronan disaccharide, indicating that the corresponding PTS is the only importer of fragmented hyaluronan, which is suitable for PTS to phosphorylate the substrate at the C-6 position. This is distinct from Streptobacillus moniliformis ATP-binding cassette transporter for import of sulfated and non-sulfated fragmented GAGs without substrate modification. The three-dimensional structure of streptococcal EIIA, one of the PTS components, was found to contain a Rossman-fold motif by X-ray crystallization. Docking of EIIA with another component EIIB by modeling provided structural insights into the phosphate transfer mechanism. This study is the first to identify the substrate (unsaturated hyaluronan disaccharide) recognized and imported by the streptococcal PTS. The PTS and ABC transporter for import of GAGs shed light on bacterial clever colonization/infection system targeting various animal polysaccharides.

Klíčová slova:

Crystal structure – Disaccharides – Lyases – Mannose – Polymerase chain reaction – Streptococcus agalactiae – Sulfates – Chondroitin


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