Brazilian norms for the Bank of Standardized Stimuli (BOSS)

Autoři: Matheus P. F. Santos aff001;  Francis R. R. Justi aff002;  Luciano G. Buratto aff003;  Bruno S. F. Oliveira aff001;  Antônio Jaeger aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Psychology, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil aff001;  Department of Psychology, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil aff002;  Institute of Psychology, University of Brasília, Brasília, Federal District, Brazil aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224973


Norms for visual stimuli are critical for designing reliable psychological and neuroscientific studies. However, such normative sets of stimuli are scarce for the Brazilian population. Here, we report norms for the Bank of Standardized Stimuli (BOSS) for Brazilian college students. Sixty-five Brazilian university students rated the initial normative set of BOSS images for familiarity and visual complexity, and produced a name for each object. Data analysis focused on comparing the present norms to prior BOSS norms (English-Canadian, French-Canadian, and Thai) across four normative dimensions: familiarity, visual complexity, modal name agreement, and H value, and considered these dimensions according to whether items pertained to living or non-living domains. Correlation analyses revealed that the present norms show strong similarities to prior BOSS norms, although objects were scored as more familiar in the Brazilian relative to all prior norms, especially relative to the Thai norms. In addition, familiarity was greater for living than for non-living items in the English- and French-Canadian norms, but such difference was absent in the Brazilian and Thai norms, suggesting that familiarity is more strongly affected by culture than by semantic domain. In sum, even when cultural differences are considered, the current study reveals that the images of the BOSS data set are in general well known for Brazilians, demonstrating that they can be useful for psychological and neuroscientific research in Brazil.

Klíčová slova:

Brazil – Culture – Emotions – Language – Memory – Vision – Thai people – Blueberries


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