Norm values and psychometric properties of the short version of the Trier Inventory for Chronic Stress (TICS) in a representative German sample

Autoři: Katja Petrowski aff001;  Sören Kliem aff003;  Cornelia Albani aff004;  Andreas Hinz aff004;  Elmar Brähler aff004
Působiště autorů: Clinic of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic Medicine, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany aff001;  Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology; Clinic of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany aff002;  Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony, Hannover, Germany aff003;  Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany aff004;  Clinic of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222277


The Trier Inventory for Chronic Stress (TICS), consisting of 57 items, is an instrument for measuring chronic stress in nine areas. There is also a short form (SSCS) of the TICS consisting of 12 items. However, this 12-item short form does not include all nine areas of the theoretical model and the long version. Therefore, a short version including all nine scales/areas was investigated. The TICS was taken by a sample of N = 2,473 respondents from the general population, aged 14 to 99, selected by random-route sampling. Confirmatory factor analyses applying robust maximum likelihood estimations (MLM) tested the model fit. The one-factor-model proposed by the original authors was tested, and the SSCS showed an unacceptable model fit. For the development of an economical short version of the TICS, including items of the nine areas of chronic stress, nine items based on the alphamax algorithm were selected. The one-factor-model of this new short version of the TICS of nine items provided a good fit for the latent construct and showed good reliability (α = .88). A new and reliable short version of the TICS consisting of only 9 items representing the 9 scales/areas for the assessment of chronic stress was identified to possess a good model fit and good reliability.

Klíčová slova:

Factor analysis – German people – Germany – Psychological stress – Questionnaires – Research validity – Skewness – Social research


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