Social information use in adolescents: The impact of adults, peers and household composition


Autoři: Lucas Molleman aff001;  Patricia Kanngiesser aff004;  Wouter van den Bos aff001
Působiště autorů: Amsterdam Brain and Cognition, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands aff001;  Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands aff002;  Center for Adaptive Rationality, Max Planck Institute for Human Development Berlin, Germany aff003;  Faculty of Education and Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany aff004;  Faculty of Education, Leipzig University, Germany aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225498

Souhrn

Social learning strategies are key for making adaptive decisions, but their ontogeny remains poorly understood. We investigate how social information use depends on its source (adults vs. peer), and how it is shaped by household composition (extended vs. nuclear), a factor known to modulate social development. Using a simple estimation task, we show that social information strongly impacts the behaviour of adolescents aged 11 to 15 years (N = 256), especially when its source is an adult. However, social information use does not depend on household composition: the relative impact of adults and peers was similar in adolescents from both household types. Furthermore, adolescents were found to directly copy others’ estimates surprisingly frequently. This study provides novel insights into adolescents’ social information use and contributes to understanding the ontogeny of social learning strategies.

Klíčová slova:

Adolescents – Behavior – Decision making – Human families – Human learning – Learning – Schools – Social influence


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