'Small small quarrels bring about happiness or love in the relationships’: Exploring community perceptions and gendered norms contributing to male perpetrated intimate partner violence in the Central Region of Ghana

Autoři: Phyllis Dako-Gyeke aff001;  Adolphina Addoley Addo-Lartey aff002;  Deda Ogum Alangea aff003;  Yandisa Sikweyiya aff004;  Esnat Dorothy Chirwa aff004;  Dorcas Coker-Appiah aff005;  Rachel Jewkes aff004;  Richard Mawuena Kofi Adanu aff003
Působiště autorů: Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana aff001;  Department of Epidemiology and Disease Control, School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana aff002;  Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana aff003;  Gender and Health Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa aff004;  Gender Studies and Human Rights Documentation Centre, Accra, Ghana aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225296


In this paper, we explore gender norms held by men and women that might contribute to male perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Ghana. This qualitative research was conducted at the pre-intervention stage of a cluster randomized controlled trial. Our intervention uses community-based action teams to change social norms on gender and violence. Focus group discussions and in-depth interviews were conducted within communities. We found that male perpetrated IPV is a common phenomenon within the study communities, yet it is complex and experienced differently depending on the context. A woman’s non-compliance with gender norms provided context for the male partner to enforce societal conformity through IPV. Also, male partners’ misbehavior (e.g. alcohol abuse) may exacerbate IPV. Whereas the former is socially acceptable, the latter may be contested. Victims may challenge/counteract IPV using varying tactics (e.g. threats), which were mainly directed toward male partners’ immoral behavior. We conclude that there is a need to assess IPV with key considerations for female agency, as some victims may respond with violence. Moreover, some communities have the tendency to demonstrate more gender-equitable attitudes regarding male perpetration of IPV, as indicated by laws instituted by some traditional leaders to deter perpetrators. These are key learnings that can inform the design and delivery of various interventions that seek to address IPV.

Klíčová slova:

Behavior – Domestic violence – Finance – Ghana – Children – Intimate partner violence – Qualitative studies – Religion


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2019 Číslo 11