Experiences of lifestyle change among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM): A behavioural diagnosis using the COM-B model in a low-income setting


Autoři: Lorrein Shamiso Muhwava aff001;  Katherine Murphy aff001;  Christina Zarowsky aff002;  Naomi Levitt aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa aff001;  Chronic Diseases Initiative for Africa, Cape Town, South Africa aff002;  University of Montreal, Hospital Research Centre and University of Montreal School of Public Health, Montreal, Canada aff003;  School of Public Health, Faculty of Community and Health Sciences, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225431

Souhrn

Background

Lifestyle change can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes among women with prior gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). While understanding women’s lived experiences and views around GDM is critical to the development of behaviour change interventions to reduce this risk, few studies have addressed this issue in low- and middle- income countries. The aim of the study was to explore women’s lived experiences of GDM and the feasibility of sustained lifestyle modification after GDM in a low-income setting.

Methods

This was a descriptive qualitative study on the lived experiences of women with prior GDM, who received antenatal care at a public sector tertiary hospital in Cape Town, South Africa. Nine focus groups and five in-depth interviews were conducted with a total of thirty-five women. Data were analysed using content analysis and the COM-B (Capabilities, Opportunities, Motivations and Behaviour) model to identify factors influencing lifestyle change during and beyond the GDM pregnancy.

Results

The results suggest that the COM-B model’s concepts of capability (knowledge and skills for behaviour change), opportunity (resources for dietary change and physical activity) and motivation (perception of future diabetes risk) are relevant to lifestyle change among GDM women in South Africa. The results will contribute to the design of a postpartum health system intervention for women with recent GDM.

Conclusion

Our findings highlight the need for health services to improve counselling and education for women with GDM in South Africa. Support from family and health professionals is essential for women to achieve lifestyle change. The experience of GDM imposed a significant psychological burden on women, which affected motivation for lifestyle change. To achieve long-term lifestyle change, behaviour interventions for women with prior GDM need to address their capability, opportunity and motivation for lifestyle change during and beyond pregnancy.

Klíčová slova:

Behavior – Behavioral and social aspects of health – Health care providers – Motivation – Physical activity – Pregnancy


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