Lifetime prevalence of intimate partner violence against women in an urban Brazilian city: A cross-sectional survey


Autoři: Tendai Kwaramba aff001;  Jinny J. Ye aff002;  Cyrus Elahi aff001;  Joseph Lunyera aff001;  Aline Chotte Oliveira aff003;  Paulo Rafael Sanches Calvo aff003;  Luciano de Andrade aff004;  João Ricardo Nickenig Vissoci aff001;  Catherine A. Staton aff001
Působiště autorů: Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America aff001;  Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Surgery, Duke Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America aff002;  Centro Universitário Ingá, Maringá, PR, Brazil aff003;  Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil aff004;  Division of Global Neurosurgery and Neuroscience, Department of Neurosurgery, Duke Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224204

Souhrn

Background

Intimate partner violence is a global health burden that disproportionately affects women and their health outcomes. Women in Brazil are also affected by interpersonal violence. We aimed to estimate the lifetime prevalence of three forms of interpersonal violence against women (IPVAW) and to identify sociodemographic factors associated with IPVAW in one urban Brazilian city.

Methods

Using a cross-sectional design, we interviewed women aged ≥18 years in the urban Brazilian city, Maringá, who currently have or have had an intimate partner. The 13-item WHO Violence Against Women instrument was used to ask participants about their experiences with intimate partner violence, categorized into psychological, physical and sexual violence. We estimated associations between IPVAW and sociodemographic characteristics using generalized linear models.

Results and conclusions

Of the 419 women who were enrolled and met inclusion criteria, lifetime prevalence of IPVAW was 56%. Psychological violence was more prevalent (52%) than physical (21%) or sexual violence (13%). Twenty-eight women (6.4%) experienced all three forms of IPVAW. Women were more likely to experience violence if they were employed, did not live with their partner or had 4 or more children. Educational level, household income, age and race were not significantly associated factors. Our findings highlight a high prevalence of IPVAW in a community in southern Brazil.

Klíčová slova:

Brazil – Educational attainment – Employment – Children – Intimate partner violence – Schools – Urban areas – Women's health


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 11