Synthesis, purification and crystallization of a putative critical bulge of HAR1 RNA

Autoři: Monica R. Lares aff001
Působiště autorů: Chemistry Department, Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, California, United States of America aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225029


Non-coding RNAs have raised a lot of interest because of their capabilities to perform enzymatic reactions and regulate gene expression in various ways. Human Accelerated Region 1 (HAR1) has been identified during the search for highly conserved regions in mammalian genomes, over one hundred base pairs long, and with high rates of substitution in the human genome. Its potential for coding for a protein is very minimal. However, the HAR1 transcript has been computationally predicted to have a stable secondary structure. Previous structure-probing experiments have suggested that the majority of differences between human and chimp constructs are in helices, designated C and D. For this reason, a 47nt construct consisting of the C and D helices along with two additional C-G pairs was synthesized, purified, and crystallized, and its x-ray structure is reported in this study. The final structure is an artificial dimer, with a bulge that forms different conformations on each monomer. This bulge has been observed in predicted secondary structures, footprinting assays, enzymatic degradation assays, NMR studies, in silico studies, and in this crystalized dimer structure. It is proposed that the HAR1 transcript is a non-coding RNA that interacts with an unknown binding partner responsible for brain development through this inherent structural motif of bulged adenosines.

Klíčová slova:

Built structures – Crystal structure – Crystallization – Crystals – Dimers – Enzyme structure – RNA structure – RNA synthesis


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2019 Číslo 11