Gender disparities in scientific production: A nationwide assessment among physicians in Peru


Autoři: Elard Amaya aff001;  Benoît Mougenot aff001;  Percy Herrera-Añazco aff003
Působiště autorů: Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Vicerrectorado de Investigación, Centro de Excelencia en Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales en Salud, Lima, Perú aff001;  Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Facultad de Ciencias Empresariales, Lima, Perú aff002;  Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Vicerrectorado de Investigación, Unidad de Investigación para la Generación y Síntesis de Evidencias en Salud, Lima, Perú aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224629

Souhrn

Objective

To determine the presence of a gender gap in the scientific production among Peruvian physicians and analyze either gap is associated with the presence of observable factors or the presence of prejudices against female physicians.

Methods

We analyzed data from the National Survey of User Satisfaction in Health 2016, a nationally representative survey that collected information about medical professionals working in health institutions in Peru. The outcome of interest was the number of publications in indexed journals. We estimated the gender gap in scientific production using the Oaxaca-Blinder (OB) decomposition method.

Results

From the 2216 physicians surveyed, 252 reported published at least one article in an indexed journal. From physicians with scientific production, 37.7% were women. The analysis of OB decomposition showed a gap of 2.11 indexed publications, disfavoring female physicians (p<0.01). Likewise, the explained component was 1.36 publications, representing 64.5% of the total gap (p<0.05).

Conclusions

There is a gender gap in the number of publications in indexed journals among Peruvian physicians. This gap is mainly explained by observable factors, such as the years of medical practice, being an accredited researcher and being a professor.

Klíčová slova:

Age groups – Gender discrimination – Health informatics – Medicine and health sciences – Peru – Physicians – Professions – Scientific publishing


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 11