Multimorbidity and complex multimorbidity in Brazilian rural workers


Autoři: Glenda Blaser Petarli aff001;  Monica Cattafesta aff001;  Monike Moreto Sant’Anna aff002;  Olívia Maria de Paula Alves Bezerra aff003;  Eliana Zandonade aff001;  Luciane Bresciani Salaroli aff004
Působiště autorů: Postgraduate Program in Collective Health, Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil aff001;  Center for Health Sciences, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, Brazil aff002;  Department of Family Medicine, Mental and Collective Health, Medical school, Federal University of Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil aff003;  Postgraduate program in Nutrition and Health, and Graduate Program in Collective Health, Center for Health Sciences, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225416

Souhrn

Objective

To estimate the prevalence of multimorbidity and complex multimorbidity in rural workers and their association with sociodemographic characteristics, occupational contact with pesticides, lifestyle and clinical condition.

Methods

This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study with 806 farmers from the main agricultural municipality of the state of Espírito Santo/Brazil, conducted from December 2016 to April 2017. Multimorbidity was defined as the presence of two or more chronic diseases in the same individual, while complex multimorbidity was classified as the occurrence of three or more chronic conditions affecting three or more body systems. Socio-demographic data, occupational contact with pesticides, lifestyle data and clinical condition data were collected through a structured questionnaire. Binary logistic regression was conducted to identify risk factors for multimorbidity.

Results

The prevalence of multimorbidity among farmers was 41.5% (n = 328), and complex multimorbidity was 16.7% (n = 132). More than 77% of farmers had at least one chronic illness. Hypertension, dyslipidemia and depression were the most prevalent morbidities. Being 40 years or older (OR 3.33, 95% CI 2.06–5.39), previous medical diagnosis of pesticide poisoning (OR 1.89, 95% CI 1.03–3.44), high waist circumference (OR 2.82, CI 95% 1.98–4.02) and worse health self-assessment (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.52–2.91) significantly increased the chances of multimorbidity. The same associations were found for the diagnosis of complex multimorbidity.

Conclusion

We identified a high prevalence of multimorbidity and complex multimorbidity among the evaluated farmers. These results were associated with increased age, abdominal fat, pesticide poisoning, and poor or fair health self-assessment. Public policies are necessary to prevent, control and treat this condition in this population.

Klíčová slova:

Agricultural workers – Alcohol consumption – Brazil – Depression – Hypertension – Pesticides – Socioeconomic aspects of health


Zdroje

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