Acute low- compared to high-load resistance training to failure results in greater energy expenditure during exercise in healthy young men


Autoři: Diego T. Brunelli aff001;  Enrico A. R. Finardi aff001;  Ivan L. P. Bonfante aff001;  Arthur F. Gáspari aff001;  Amanda V. Sardeli aff001;  Thiago M. F. Souza aff001;  Mara P. T. Chacon-Mikahil aff001;  Claudia R. Cavaglieri aff001
Působiště autorů: Exercise Physiology Laboratory (FISEX)—Faculty of Physical Education, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil aff001;  Graduate Program in Gerontology–Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224801

Souhrn

The objective of the present study was to verify the energy expenditure (EE), energy system contributions and autonomic control during and after an acute low-load or high-load resistance training (RT) protocol to momentary failure (MF) in young adults. Eleven young men (22 ± 3 yrs, 71.8 ± 7.7 kg; 1.75 ± 0.06 m) underwent a randomized crossover design of three knee extension acute protocols: a low-load RT [30% of their maximal strength (1RM); RT30] or a high-load RT (80% of 1RM; RT80) protocol, with all sets being performed to MF; or a control session (Control) without exercise. Participants were measured for EE, energy system contributions, and cardiac autonomic control before, during, and after each exercise session. Exercise EE was significantly higher for RT30 as compared to RT80. Furthermore, post measurements of blood lactate levels and the anaerobic lactic system contribution were significantly greater for RT30 as compared to RT80. In addition, parasympathetic restoration was lower for RT30 as compared to RT80. In conclusion, a low-load (30% 1RM) RT session produced higher EE during exercise than a high-load (80% 1RM) RT session to MF, and may be a good option for fitness professionals, exercise physiologists, and practitioners when choosing the optimal RT protocol that provides more EE, especially for those who want or need to lose weight.

Klíčová slova:

Bioenergetics – Blood – Exercise – Fats – Heart rate – Knee joints – Knees – Strength training


Zdroje

1. Strasser B, Arvandi M, Siebert U. Resistance training, visceral obesity and inflammatory response: a review of the evidence. Obesity reviews: an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity. 2012 Jul;13(7):578–91.

2. Donnelly JE, Blair SN, Jakicic JM, Manore MM, Rankin JW, Smith BK, et al. American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand. Appropriate physical activity intervention strategies for weight loss and prevention of weight regain for adults. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2009 Feb;41(2):459–71.

3. Hunter GR, Plaisance EP, Carter SJ, Fisher G. Why intensity is not a bad word: Optimizing health status at any age. Clinical nutrition. 2017 Feb 09.

4. Burd NA, West DW, Staples AW, Atherton PJ, Baker JM, Moore DR, et al. Low-load high volume resistance exercise stimulates muscle protein synthesis more than high-load low volume resistance exercise in young men. PloS one. 2010 Aug 09;5(8):e12033. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012033 20711498

5. Pizza FX, Baylies H, Mitchell JB. Adaptation to eccentric exercise: neutrophils and E-selectin during early recovery. Can J Appl Physiol. 2001 Jun;26(3):245–53. 11441228

6. Morton RW, Oikawa SY, Wavell CG, Mazara N, McGlory C, Quadrilatero J, et al. Neither load nor systemic hormones determine resistance training-mediated hypertrophy or strength gains in resistance-trained young men. Journal of applied physiology. 2016 Jul 01;121(1):129–38. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00154.2016 27174923

7. Jenkins ND, Housh TJ, Buckner SL, Bergstrom HC, Cochrane KC, Hill EC, et al. Neuromuscular Adaptations After 2 and 4 Weeks of 80% Versus 30% 1 Repetition Maximum Resistance Training to Failure. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2016 Aug;30(8):2174–85.

8. Thompson PD, Franklin BA, Balady GJ, Blair SN, Corrado D, Estes NA 3rd, et al. Exercise and acute cardiovascular events placing the risks into perspective: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism and the Council on Clinical Cardiology. Circulation. 2007 May 01;115(17):2358–68. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.181485 17468391

9. Amann M, Blain GM, Proctor LT, Sebranek JJ, Pegelow DF, Dempsey JA. Group III and IV muscle afferents contribute to ventilatory and cardiovascular response to rhythmic exercise in humans. Journal of applied physiology. 2010 Oct;109(4):966–76. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00462.2010 20634355

10. Sardeli AV, Santos LC, Ferreira MLV, Gáspari AF, Rodrigues B, Cavaglieri CR, et al. Cardiovascular responses to different resistance exercise protocols in elderly. International journal of sports medicine. 2017.

11. Fisher JP, Young CN, Fadel PJ. Autonomic adjustments to exercise in humans. Compr Physiol. 2015 Apr;5(2):475–512. doi: 10.1002/cphy.c140022 25880502

12. Steele J, Fisher J, Giessing J, Gentil P. Clarity in reporting terminology and definitions of set endpoints in resistance training. Muscle Nerve. 2017 Sep;56(3):368–74. doi: 10.1002/mus.25557 28044366

13. Scott CB, Leighton BH, Ahearn KJ, McManus JJ. Aerobic, anaerobic, and excess postexercise oxygen consumption energy expenditure of muscular endurance and strength: 1-set of bench press to muscular fatigue. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2011 Apr;25(4):903–8.

14. Florindo AAL, M. R. D. O. Validação e reprodutibilidade do questionário de Baecke de avaliação da atividade física habitual em homens adultos. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte. 2003;9:8.

15. Borg G, Dahlstrom H. The reliability and validity of a physical work test. Acta physiologica Scandinavica. 1962 Aug;55:353–61. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.1962.tb02449.x 13871282

16. Brown LE, Weir JP. Procedures recommendation I: accurate assessment of muscular strength and power. J Exerc Physiol. 2001;4:1–21.

17. Bertuzzi R, Melegati J, Bueno S, Ghiarone T, Pasqua LA, Gaspari AF, et al. GEDAE-LaB: A Free Software to Calculate the Energy System Contributions during Exercise. PLoS One. 2016;11(1):e0145733. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0145733 26727499

18. Nunan D, Donovan G, Jakovljevic DG, Hodges LD, Sandercock GR, Brodie DA. Validity and reliability of short-term heart-rate variability from the Polar S810. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2009 Jan;41(1):243–50.

19. Niskanen JP, Tarvainen MP, Ranta-Aho PO, Karjalainen PA. Software for advanced HRV analysis. Computer Methods & Programs in Biomedicine. 2004 Oct;76(1):73–81.

20. Catai AM, Pastre CM, Godoy MF, Silva ED, Takahashi ACM, Vanderlei LCM. Heart rate variability: are you using it properly? Standardisation checklist of procedures. Braz J Phys Ther. 2019 Feb 26.

21. Shaffer F, Ginsberg JP. An Overview of Heart Rate Variability Metrics and Norms. Front Public Health. 2017;5:258. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00258 29034226

22. Force T. Heart rate variability. Standards of measurement, physiological interpretation, and clinical use. Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology. European heart journal. 1996 Mar;17(3):354–81. 8737210

23. Marx JO, Ratamess NA, Nindl BC, Gotshalk LA, Volek JS, Dohi K, et al. Low-volume circuit versus high-volume periodized resistance training in women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001 Apr;33(4):635–43. doi: 10.1097/00005768-200104000-00019 11283441

24. Kelleher AR, Hackney KJ, Fairchild TJ, Keslacy S, Ploutz-Snyder LL. The metabolic costs of reciprocal supersets vs. traditional resistance exercise in young recreationally active adults. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2010 Apr;24(4):1043–51.

25. Mookerjee S, Welikonich MJ, Ratamess NA. Comparison of Energy Expenditure During Single-Set vs. Multiple-Set Resistance Exercise. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2016 May;30(5):1447–52.

26. Thornton MK, Potteiger JA. Effects of resistance exercise bouts of different intensities but equal work on EPOC. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2002 Apr;34(4):715–22.

27. Prestes J, De Lima C, Frollini AB, Donatto FF, Conte M. Comparison of linear and reverse linear periodization effects on maximal strength and body composition. J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Jan;23(1):266–74. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181874bf3 19057409

28. Borsheim E, Knardahl S, Hostmark AT, Bahr R. Adrenergic control of post-exercise metabolism. Acta physiologica Scandinavica. 1998 Mar;162(3):313–23. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-201X.1998.0321e.x 9578377

29. Borsheim E, Bahr R. Effect of exercise intensity, duration and mode on post-exercise oxygen consumption. Sports medicine. 2003;33(14):1037–60. doi: 10.2165/00007256-200333140-00002 14599232

30. Artioli GG, Bertuzzi RC, Roschel H, Mendes SH, Lancha AH Jr., Franchini E. Determining the contribution of the energy systems during exercise. Journal of visualized experiments: JoVE. 2012 Mar 20(61).

31. Margaria R, Edwards HT, Dill DB. THE POSSIBLE MECHANISMS OF CONTRACTING AND PAYING THE OXYGEN DEBT AND THE RÔLE OF LACTIC ACID IN MUSCULAR CONTRACTION. American Journal of Physiology. 1933;106:26.

32. Gastin PB. Quantification of anaerobic capacity. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports. 1994;4(2):91–112.

33. Haseler LJ, Hogan MC, Richardson RS. Skeletal muscle phosphocreatine recovery in exercise-trained humans is dependent on O2 availability. Journal of applied physiology. 1999 Jun;86(6):2013–8. doi: 10.1152/jappl.1999.86.6.2013 10368368

34. di Prampero PE, Ferretti G. The energetics of anaerobic muscle metabolism: a reappraisal of older and recent concepts. Respiration physiology. 1999 Dec 01;118(2–3):103–15. doi: 10.1016/s0034-5687(99)00083-3 10647856

35. Paoli A, Moro T, Marcolin G, Neri M, Bianco A, Palma A, et al. High-Intensity Interval Resistance Training (HIRT) influences resting energy expenditure and respiratory ratio in non-dieting individuals. J Transl Med. 2012 Nov 24;10:237. doi: 10.1186/1479-5876-10-237 23176325


Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 11