A tailored cognitive behavioral program for juvenile justice-referred females at risk of substance use and delinquency: A pilot quasi-experimental trial


Autoři: Sarah C. Walker aff001;  Mylien Duong aff001;  Christopher Hayes aff002;  Lucy Berliner aff003;  Leslie D. Leve aff004;  David C. Atkins aff001;  Jerald R. Herting aff005;  Asia S. Bishop aff006;  Esteban Valencia aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America aff001;  Snohomish County Juvenile Court, Everett, Washington, United States of America aff002;  Harborview Center for Sexual Assault and Trauma, Seattle, Washington, United States of America aff003;  College of Education, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, United States of America aff004;  Department of Sociology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America aff005;  Department of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America aff006
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224363

Souhrn

This pilot quasi-experimental trial tested a gender-responsive cognitive behavioral group intervention with 87 court-involved female adolescents (5 juvenile courts) who were at indicated risk for substance use disorder. Participants in the intervention (n = 57) received twice weekly group sessions for 10 weeks (20 sessions) focused on building emotional, thought and behavior regulation skills and generalizing these skills to relationally-based scenarios (GOAL: Girls Only Active Learning). Youth in the control condition (n = 30) received services as usual, which included non-gender-specific aggression management training, individual counseling and no services. The GOAL program was found to be acceptable to youth and parents and feasible to implement within a juvenile court setting using skilled facilitators. Compared to services as usual, the program significantly and meaningfully reduced self-reported delinquent behavior (β = 0.84, p < 0.05) over 6 months, and exhibited trend level effects for reduced substance use (β = 0.40, p = 0.07). The program had mixed or no effects on family conflict and emotion regulation skills. These findings are discussed in light of treatment mechanisms and gender-responsive services.

Klíčová slova:

Behavior – Behavioral and social aspects of health – Cognition – Emotions – Learning – Pilot studies – Surveys – Delinquency


Zdroje

1. Williams J, Smith V. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Pediatrics. 2015;136:e1395–e1406. doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-3113 26482673

2. Trenz R, Scherer M, Whitehead N, Latimer W. Alcohol use severity and sexual risk behavior among female substance users. Subst Use Misuse. 2016;51:1716–1723. doi: 10.1080/10826084.2016.1197260 27487197

3. Batchelder A, Lounsbury D, Palma A, Carrico A, Pachankis J, Schoenbaum E, et al. Importance of substance use and violence in psychosocial syndemics among women with and at-risk for HIV. AIDS Care. 2016:1–5.

4. Kuklinski M, Fagan A, Hawkins J, Briney J, Catalano R. Benefit-cost analysis of a randomized evaluation of Communities That Care: Monetizing intervention effects on the initiation of delinquency and substance use through grade 12. J Exp Criminol. 2015;11:165–192. doi: 10.1007/s11292-014-9226-3 26213527

5. Grant B, Dawson D. Age at onset of alcohol use and its association with DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence: Results from the National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey. J Subst Abuse. 1997;9:103–110. 9494942

6. Merikangas K, McClair V. Epidemiology of substance use disorders. Hum Genet. 2012;131:779–789. doi: 10.1007/s00439-012-1168-0 22543841

7. Rohde P, Lewinsohn PM, Kahler CW, Seeley JR, Brown RA. Natural course of alcohol use disorders from adolescence to young adulthood. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2001;40:83–90. doi: 10.1097/00004583-200101000-00020 11195569

8. Chassin L, Flora DB, King KM. Trajectories of alcohol and drug use and dependence from adolescence to adulthood: The effects of familial alcoholism and personality. J Abnorm Psychol. 2004;113:483–498. doi: 10.1037/0021-843X.113.4.483 15535782

9. Langton CM, Doran N, Luczak SE, Bekman N, Koutsenok I, Brown SA. Adolescent substance use and aggression. Crim Justice Behav. 2012; 39:748–769.

10. Schubert CA, Mulvey EP, Glasheen C. Influence of mental health and substance use problems and criminogenic risk on outcomes in serious juvenile offenders. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2011;50:925–937. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2011.06.006 21871374

11. Boles SM, Miotto K. Substance abuse and violence: A review of the literature. Aggress Violent Behav. 2003;8:155–174.

12. Coccaro EF, Fridberg DJ, Fanning JR, Grant JE, King AC, Lee R. Substance use disorders: Relationship with intermittent explosive disorder and with aggression, anger, and impulsivity. J Psychiatr Res. 2016;81:127–132. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2016.06.011 27442963

13. Sudak DM. Teaching and supervising cognitive behavioral therapy. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons; 2016.

14. Vaughn MG, Howard M. Adolescent substance abuse treatment: A synthesis of controlled evaluations. Res Soc Work Pract. 2004;14:325–335.

15. Botvin GJ, Baker E, Dusenbury L, Tortu S, Botvin EM. Preventing adolescent drug abuse through a multimodal cognitive-behavioral approach: Results of a 3-year study. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1990;58:437–446. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.58.4.437 2212181

16. Castillo-Gualda R, Cabello R, Herrero M, Rodríguez-Carvajal R, Fernández-Berrocal P. A three-year emotional intelligence intervention to reduce adolescent aggression: The mediating role of unpleasant affectivity. J Res Adolesc. 2017:1–13.

17. Glick B, Goldstein A. Aggression replacement training. J Couns Dev. 1987;65:356–362.

18. Oesterle S, Hawkins J, Kuklinski M, Fagan A, Fleming C, Rhew I, et al. Effects of communities that care on males’ and females’ drug use and delinquency 9 years after baseline in a community-randomized trial. Am J Community Psychol. 2015;56:217–228. doi: 10.1007/s10464-015-9749-4 26377418

19. Fagan A, Lindsey A. Gender differences in the effectiveness of delinquency prevention programs. Crim Justice Behav. 2014,41:1057–1078.

20. Leve LD. Risks, outcomes, and evidence-based interventions for girls in the US juvenile justice system. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. 2015;18:252. doi: 10.1007/s10567-015-0186-6 26119215

21. Fagan AA, Van Horn ML, Hawkins JD, Arthur MW. Gender similarities and differences in the association between risk and protective factors and self-reported serious delinquency. Prev Sci. 2007;8. doi: 10.1007/s11121-006-0062-1 17226092

22. Hubbard DJ, Matthews B. Reconciling the differences between the “gender-responsive” and the “what works” literatures to improve services for girls. Crime Delinq. 2008;54:225–258.

23. Kort-Butler L. Coping styles and sex differences in depressive symptoms and delinquent behavior. J Youth Adolesc. 2009;38:122–136. doi: 10.1007/s10964-008-9291-x 19636796

24. Skeer M, McCormick M, Normand S, Mimiaga M, Buka S, Gilman S. Gender differences in the association between family conflict and adolescent substance use disorders. J Adolesc Health. 2011;49:187–192. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.12.003 21783052

25. Sternberg KJ, Baradaran LP, Abbott CB, Lamb ME, Guterman E. Type of violence, age, and gender differences in the effects of family violence on children’s behavior problems: A mega- analysis. Dev Rev. 2006;26:89–112.

26. Taylor C, Boris N, Heller S, Clum G, Rice J, Zeanah C. Cumulative experiences of violence among high-risk urban youth. J Interpers Violence. 2008;23:1618–1635. doi: 10.1177/0886260508314323 18319372

27. Zimmer-Gembeck M, Thomas R, Hendrickson K, Avdagic E, Webb H, McGregor L. Maternal emotional distress, abuse risk, and children's symptoms: Child gender as a moderator of parent sensitivity as a mediator. Infant Child Dev. 2013;22:480–500.

28. Cauffman E, Farruggia SP, Goldweber A. Bad boys or poor parents: Relations to female juvenile delinquency. J Res Adolesc. 2008;18:699–712. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2008.00577.x 19920878

29. Butters J. The impact of peers and social disapproval on high-risk cannabis use: Gender differences and implications for drug education. Drug Educ Prev Polic. 2004;11:381–390.

30. Chan G, Kelly A, Toumbourou J. Accounting for the association of family conflict and heavy alcohol use among adolescent girls: The role of depressed mood. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2013;74:396–405. doi: 10.15288/jsad.2013.74.396 23490568

31. Morrison K. Motivating women and men to take proactive action against rape: Examining direct and indirect persuasive fear appeals. Health Commun. 2005;18:237–256. doi: 10.1207/s15327027hc1803_3 16187930

32. Sharp C, van Goozen S, Goodyer I. Children's subjective emotional reactivity to affective pictures: Gender differences and their antisocial correlates in an unselected sample of 7-11-year-olds. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2006;47:143–150. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2005.01464.x 16423145

33. Zahn M, Agnew R, Fishbein D, Miller S, Winn D, Dakoff G, et al. Causes and correlates of girls’ delinquency. Washington D.C.: Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; 2010.

34. Corte C, Szalacha L. Self-cognitions, risk factors for alcohol problems, and drinking in preadolescent urban youths. J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse. 2010;19:406–423. doi: 10.1080/1067828X.2010.515882 21113434

35. Stark L, Seff I, Assezenew A, Eoomkham J, Falb K, Ssewamala FM. Effects of a social empowerment intervention on economic vulnerability for adolescent refugee girls in Ethiopia. J Adolesc Health. 2018;62:S15–S20. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.06.014 29273113

36. Mizock L. Development of a gender-sensitive and recovery-oriented intervention for women with serious mental illness. Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2019;42:3–8. doi: 10.1037/prj0000313 30070548

37. Kerrigan D, Mbwambo J, Likindikoki S, Beckham S, Mwampashi A, Shembilu C, et al. Project Shikamana: Baseline findings from a community empowerment-based combination HIV prevention trial among female sex workers in Iringa, Tanzania. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017;74:S60–S68. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001203 27930613

38. Porter M. Effects of microcredit and other loans on female empowerment in Bangladesh: The borrower's gender influences intra-household resource allocation. Agricl Econ. 2016;47:235–245.

39. Rocca C, Rathod S, Falle T, Pande R, Krishnan S. Challenging assumptions about women's empowerment: Social and economic resources and domestic violence among young married women in urban South India. Int J of Epidemiol. 2009;38:577–585.

40. Nadel MR, Pesta G, Blomberg T, Bales WD, Greenwald M. Civil citation: Diversion or widening the net? J Res Crime Delinq. 2018;55:278–315.

41. Aland LF. Perceptions of probation and police officer home visits during intensive probation supervision. Fed Probat. 2015;79:11–16.

42. Lipsey MW. The primary factors that characterize effective interventions with juvenile offenders: A meta-analytics overview. Vict Offend. 2009;4:124–147.

43. Friedman AS, Terras A, Glassman K. Multimodel Substance Use Intervention Program for Male Delinquents. J Child Adolesc Substance Abuse. 2002;11:43–65.

44. Henggeler SW, Cunningham PB, Pickrel SG, Schoenwald SK, Brondino MJ. Multisystemic therapy: An effective violence prevention approach for serious juvenile offenders. J Adolesc. 1996;19:47–61. 9245264

45. Smith P, Schweitzer M, Labrecque RM, Latessa EJ. Improving probation officers' supervision skills: an evaluation of the EPICS model. J Crime Justice. 2012;35:189–199.

46. Schwalbe CS. Toward an integrated theory of probation. Crim Justice Behav. 2012;39:185–201.

47. Schwartz K, Alexander AO, Lau KSL, Holloway ED, Aalsma MC. Motivating compliance: Juvenile probation officer strategies and skills. J Offender Rehabil. 2017;56:20–37.

48. Weisz JR, Sandler IN, Durlak JA, Anton BS. A proposal to unite two different worlds of children's mental health. Am Psychol. 2006;61:644–645.

49. Goldstein A, Glick B. Aggression replacement training: Curriculum and evaluation. Simul Gaming. 1994;25:9–26.

50. Catalano RF, Kosterman R, Hawkins JD, Newcomb MD, Abbott RD. Modeling the etiology of adolescent substance use: A test of the social development model. J Drug Issues. 1996;26:429–455. 17848978

51. Hamilton Z, van Wormer J, Barnoski R. PACT validation and weighting results: Technical Report. Olympia (WA): Washington Association of Juvenile Court Administration; 2015.

52. Eggert L, Herting J, Thompson E. The Drug Involvement Scale for Adolescents (DISA). J Drug Educ. 1996;26:101–130. doi: 10.2190/EQ6J-D4GH-K4YD-XRJB 8758883

53. Johnston LD, Bachman JG. Monitoring the future: Questionnaire responses from the nation's high school seniors. Ann Arbor (MI): Institute for Social Research; 1980.

54. Hawkins JD, Catalano RF. Communities that care: Action for drug abuse prevention. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers; 1992.

55. Gratz KL, Roemer L. Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). 2004.

56. McNeish D. Missing data methods for arbitrary missingness with small samples. J Appl Stat. 2017;44:24–39.

57. Chiesa A, Serretti A. Are mindfulness-based interventions effective for substance use disorders? A systematic review of the evidence. Subst Use Misuse. 2014;49:492–512. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2013.770027 23461667

58. Marlatt GA, Chawla N. Meditation and alcohol use. (Special Section: Spirituality/Medicine Interface Project). South Med J. 2007;100:451. doi: 10.1097/SMJ.0b013e3180381416 17458423

59. Carim-Todd L, Mitchell S, Oken BS. Mind-body practices: An alternative, drug-free treatment for smoking cessation? A systematic review of the literature. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013;132:399–410. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.04.014 23664122

60. Linehan M. Dialectical behavior therapy for treatment of borderline personality disorder: implications for the treatment of substance abuse. NIDA Res Monogr. 1993;137:201–216. 8289922

61. Kissen-Kohn DA, Kissen M. Reducing addictions via the self-soothing effects of yoga. B Menninger Clin. 2009;73:35–43.

62. Hallion LS, Steinman SA, Tolin DF, Diefenbach GJ. Psychometric properties of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) and its short forms in adults with emotional disorders. Front Psychol. 2018;9:539. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00539 29725312

63. Lee C-YS, August GJ, Realmuto GM, Horowitz JL, Bloomquist ML, Klimes-Dougan B. Fidelity at a distance: Assessing implementation fidelity of the early risers prevention program in a going-to-scale intervention trial. Prev Sci. 2008;9:215–229. doi: 10.1007/s11121-008-0097-6 18648936

64. Sanetti L, Kratochwill T. Toward developing a science of treatment integrity: Introduction to the special series. Sch Psychol Rev. 2009;38:445–459.

65. Dembo R, Schmeidler J, Wareham J, Briones-Robins R, Winters KC, Ungaro R. Impact of a brief intervention services on drug-using truant youths’ self-reported delinquency charges: A longitudinal study. J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse. 2016;25:458–479. doi: 10.1080/1067828X.2015.1103344 27616873

66. Schminkey DL, Von Oertzen T, Bullock L. Handling missing data with multilevel structural equation modeling and full information maximum likelihood techniques. Res Nurs Health. 2016;39:286–297. doi: 10.1002/nur.21724 27176912


Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 11