Molecular evolution of cytochrome C oxidase-I protein of insects living in Saudi Arabia

Autoři: Jamal S. M. Sabir aff001;  Samar Rabah aff001;  Haitham Yacoub aff002;  Nahid H. Hajrah aff001;  Ahmed Atef aff001;  Mohammed Al-Matary aff001;  Sherif Edris aff001;  Mona G. Alharbi aff001;  Magdah Ganash aff001;  Jazem Mahyoub aff001;  Rashad R. Al-Hindi aff001;  Khalid M. Al-Ghamdi aff001;  Neil Hall aff001;  Ahmed Bahieldin aff001;  Majid R. Kamli aff001;  Irfan A. Rather aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia aff001;  Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Jeddah, Dahaban, Saudi Arabia aff002;  Department of Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt aff003;  Princess Al-Jawhara Al-Brahim Centre of Excellence in Research of Hereditary Disorders (PACER-HD), Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia aff004;  The Genome Analysis Center, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224336


The study underpins barcode characterization of insect species collected from Saudi Arabia and explored functional constraints during evolution at the DNA and protein levels to expect the possible mechanisms of protein evolution in insects. Codon structure designated AT-biased insect barcode of the cytochrome C oxidase I (COI). In addition, the predicted 3D structure of COI protein indicated tyrosine in close proximity with the heme ligand, depicted substitution to phenylalanine in two Hymenopteran species. This change resulted in the loss of chemical bonding with the heme ligand. The estimated nucleotide substitution matrices in insect COI barcode generally showed a higher probability of transversion compared with the transition. Computations of codon-by-codon nonsynonymous substitutions in Hymenopteran and Hemipteran species indicated that almost half of the codons are under positive evolution. Nevertheless, codons of COI barcode of Coleoptera, Lepidoptera and Diptera are mostly under purifying selection. The results reinforce that codons in helices 2, 5 and 6 and those in loops 2–3 and 5–6 are mostly conserved and approach strong purifying selection. The overall results argue the possible evolutionary position of Hymenopteran species among those of other insects.

Klíčová slova:

Animal evolution – Heme – Insects – Protein structure – Protein structure comparison – Protein structure prediction – Sequence alignment – Tyrosine


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