Ocean sound levels in the northeast Pacific recorded from an autonomous underwater glider


Autoři: Joseph H. Haxel aff001;  Haru Matsumoto aff001;  Christian Meinig aff002;  Gabriella Kalbach aff003;  T.-K. Lau aff001;  Robert P. Dziak aff004;  Scott Stalin aff002
Působiště autorů: Oregon State University and NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Newport, Oregon, United States of America aff001;  NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, Washington, United States of America aff002;  Department of Natural Sciences, California State University of Monterey Bay, Marina, California, United States of America aff003;  NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Newport, Oregon, United States of America aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225325

Souhrn

Ocean gliders are a quiet and efficient mobile autonomous platform for passive acoustic monitoring and oceanographic measurements in remote marine environments. During July 20—August 6 2012, we used a Teledyne Webb Research Slocum G2 glider equipped with a hydrophone logging system to record ocean sound along a 458 km north to south traverse of the outer continental shelf break along the U.S. Pacific Northwest coast. Glider derived recordings yielded a unique perspective on the variation of ambient sound with depth, where natural wind generated surface processes were identified as a dominant acoustic contributor to spectral levels in the region. Near and far-field vessel radiated noise were also found to add significant energy to ambient conditions. Spatially distributed measurements of ambient sound levels recorded from the glider were consistent with long-term spectral estimates from fixed station, deep ocean hydrophone array measurements during the 1990–2000’s in the region. Ocean sound level measurements captured by a mobile glider are shown to be an effective and valuable asset for describing ocean surface wind conditions and characterizing spatial and temporal changes in the underwater acoustic environment over a broad regional scale.

Klíčová slova:

Acoustics – Ambient noise – Bioacoustics – Oceanography – Oceans – Ships – Wind – Statistical noise


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 11