Pharmacologic management of HCV treatment in patients with HCV monoinfection vs. HIV/HCV coinfection: Does coinfection really matter?


Autoři: Autumn D. Zuckerman aff001;  Andrew Douglas aff002;  Kristen Whelchel aff001;  Leena Choi aff003;  Joshua DeClercq aff003;  Cody A. Chastain aff004
Působiště autorů: Specialty Pharmacy Services, Vanderbilt University Medical Center,; Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America aff001;  Christy Houston Foundation Drug Information Center, Belmont University College of Pharmacy; Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America aff002;  Department of Biostatistics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center,; Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America aff003;  Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center,; Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225434

Souhrn

Introduction

Sustained virologic response (SVR) rates in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) monoinfection and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/HCV coinfection treated with direct acting antiviral (DAA) therapy are similar in clinical trials. The objective of this study was to examine differences in patient characteristics, drug-drug interactions, and treatment pathways between these groups in a real-world clinical setting.

Methods

We performed an ambispective review of patients prescribed DAA therapy between September 2015 and April 2018 at a tertiary academic center. The primary endpoint was time from a decision to treat to treatment initiation. Secondary endpoints included patient characteristics; frequency and type of DAA medication interactions; frequency, type, and timing of antiretroviral therapy (ART) changes; and treatment outcomes.

Results

Three hundred and twelve patients were included. Almost half (43%) were HIV/HCV coinfected. Patients with HIV/HCV coinfection were more likely to be African American (p<0.001), have a diagnosed psychiatric disorder (p<0.001) and have a higher pill burden (p = 0.014). Patients with HIV/HCV coinfection were more likely to report an alcohol abuse history (p<0.001), injection drug use history (p<0.024), or active use of illicit substances (p = 0.019). In a multivariable regression model assessing the primary endpoint, time to treatment initiation was increased in patients requiring a change in ART therapy (OR = 9.2, p < 0.001) or a non-ART medication adjustment (OR = 2.4, p = 0.003), and in patients with Medicaid (OR = 6.7, p < 0.001). After controlling for all these factors, HIV/HCV coinfection still significantly impacted time to treatment initiation (OR = 1.7, p = 0.020). The groups had similar rates of drug interaction frequency, treatment completion, observed SVR, and side effects.

Conclusions

Patients with HIV/HCV coinfection are more likely to have a variety of factors that add complexities to HCV treatment. In addition to these challenges, patients with HIV/HCV coinfection experience a longer time to treatment initiation while patients with HCV monoinfection were more frequently lost to care. Care delivery models may incorporate this data to improve patient engagement, access, and outcomes.

Klíčová slova:

Co-infections – Drug interactions – Drug therapy – Hepatitis C virus – Insurance – Pharmacists


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 11