One step at a time: Physical activity is linked to positive interpretations of ambiguity


Autoři: Maital Neta aff001;  Nicholas R. Harp aff001;  Daniel J. Henley aff001;  Safiya E. Beckford aff004;  Karsten Koehler aff002
Působiště autorů: Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, United States of America aff001;  Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, United States of America aff002;  Department of Advertising and Public Relations, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America aff003;  Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, United States of America aff004;  Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225106

Souhrn

Background

Extensive research has established a clear positive relationship between physical activity (PA), even in small amounts, and psychological well-being, including benefits for emotional and mental health (e.g., decreased depression). However, little research has examined the relationship between PA and decision-making within emotionally ambiguous contexts. The purpose of the present cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between reported amount and intensity of PA and interpretations of emotional ambiguity.

Methods

Adults (n = 611) recruited through Amazon’s Mechanical Turk were assessed on their interpretations of ambiguous and clear (unambiguous) emotional stimuli and reported habitual PA and exercise.

Results

More positive ratings of ambiguity were associated with greater amount of vigorous activity (p = .002), but not with moderate activity (p = .826) or walking (p = .673). Subsequent analyses demonstrated that this relationship between vigorous PA and positive interpretations of ambiguity was most pronounced when comparing individuals who reported any amount of vigorous PA to those who reported no vigorous activity at all.

Conclusions

Our findings suggest that higher amounts of vigorous, but not moderate, PA are associated with more positive interpretations of ambiguity, and that even small amounts of PA seem to be sufficient to promote this more positive valence bias when compared to individuals conducting no vigorous PA at all. Future work should examine the longitudinal effects of PA among individuals participating in structured activity programs.

Klíčová slova:

Cognition – Depression – Emotions – Exercise – Face – Mental health and psychiatry – Physical activity – Sports


Zdroje

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2019 Číslo 11