Collembola laterally move biochar particles


Autoři: Stefanie Maaß aff001;  Ronja Hückelheim aff001;  Matthias C. Rillig aff002
Působiště autorů: University of Potsdam, Institut für Biochemie und Biologie, Plant Ecology and Nature Conservation, Potsdam, Germany aff001;  Berlin-Brandenburg Institute of Advanced Biodiversity Research (BBIB), Berlin, Germany aff002;  Freie Universität Berlin, Institut für Biologie, Plant Ecology, Berlin, Germany aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224179

Souhrn

Biochar is being discussed as a soil amendment to improve soil fertility and mitigate climate change. While biochar interactions with soil microbial biota have been frequently studied, interactions with soil mesofauna are understudied. We here present an experiment in which we tested if the collembolan Folsomia candida I) can transport biochar particles, II) if yes, how far the particles are distributed within 10 days, and III) if it shows a preference among biochars made from different feedstocks, i.e. pine wood, pine bark and spelt husks. In general, biochar particles based on pine bark and pine wood were consistently distributed significantly more than those made of spelt husks, but all types were transported more than 4cm within 10 days. Additionally, we provide evidence that biochar particles can become readily attached to the cuticle of collembolans and hence be transported, potentially even over large distances. Our study shows that the soil mesofauna can indeed act as a vector for the transport of biochar particles and show clear preferences depending on the respective feedstock, which would need to be studied in more detail in the future.

Klíčová slova:

Candida – Climate change – Defecation – Earthworms – Fungi – Nematode infections – Biological transport – Bark


Zdroje

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2019 Číslo 11