The trajectory of patterns of light and sedentary physical activity among females, ages 14-23

Autoři: Deborah A. Cohen aff001;  Bing Han aff002;  Lisa Kraus aff002;  Deborah Rohm Young aff003
Působiště autorů: Social and Economic Well Being, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, United States of America aff001;  Statistics, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, United States of America aff002;  Department of Research & Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena, CA, United States of America aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223737



Light physical activity (LPA) and patterns of sedentary behavior influence cardio-metabolic health independently of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Understanding the trajectory and determinants of these activity levels over time may provide insights relevant to public health practice.


We measured a cohort of young women recruited in middle school (age 14) using accelerometry for 1 week and remeasured them in high school (age 17) and again at age 23 (n = 385). We assessed changes in LPA and patterns of sedentary behavior by hours in a day. We examined the association of social and contextual factors, including employment status, screen time, and neighborhood context with LPA and sedentary behavior patterns.


The amount of LPA decreased over time, while the length of LPA bouts tended to increase. Sedentary bout durations increased over time and sedentary breaks decreased. Sedentary time and bout length were correlated with internet use, rather than with TV or videogaming. Employment was associated with less sedentary time; being a student was associated with longer sedentary time and bouts.


Because LPA and sedentary breaks can be protective for cardio-metabolic health, and the duration of sedentary bouts increase as women age from adolescence to young adulthood, worksites and college campuses should remind employees and students to take frequent activity breaks when they use computers and the internet for long stretches.

Klíčová slova:

Adipose tissue – Behavior – Employment – Internet – Physical activity – Schools – Video games – Walking


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