The emotion regulation effect of cognitive control is related to depressive state through the mediation of rumination: An ERP study


Autoři: Shuzhen Gan aff001;  Shuang Chen aff002;  Xiangrong Shen aff003
Působiště autorů: Lab for Psychological Health and Imaging, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China aff001;  Department of Psychology, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, China aff002;  Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China aff003;  College of Humanities, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, China aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225285

Souhrn

Deficits in cognitive control have been found in depression, but how they contribute to depressive symptoms remains unknown. The present study investigated whether the regulatory efficacy of cognitive control on negative emotion varies with depression level and whether the regulatory efficacy affects depressive symptoms via the mediation of rumination. Fifty participants screened by the Zung Self-Rating Depressive Scale (SDS) with high and low depression levels were selected. They were instructed to controlled-process different semantic representations of aversive pictures, and the amplitude of the late positive potential (LPP) evoked by the pictures was used as the measure of electrocortical response. We found that controlled-processing neutral representations of aversive pictures significantly decreased the amplitude of LPP relative to that under controlled-processing unpleasant ones in an early window in the low depression group and that this regulatory effect was impaired in the high depression group. Furthermore, a mediation analyses indicated that the regulatory efficacy of controlled-processing different semantic representations was associated with SDS score via the mediation of rumination. These findings shed light on the mechanisms underlying the association between the function of cognitive control in emotion generation and depressive symptoms and indicated a pathway from the regulatory efficacy of cognitive control to depression via rumination.

Klíčová slova:

Attention – Cognition – Cognitive impairment – Depression – Electroencephalography – Emotions – Event-related potentials – Word recognition


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2019 Číslo 11