The association between psychological distress and angina pectoris: A population-based study


Autoři: Ching-Ching Tsai aff001;  Shao-Yuan Chuang aff003;  I-Chang Hsieh aff004;  Lun-Hui Ho aff001;  Pao-Hsien Chu aff004;  Chii Jeng aff007
Působiště autorů: Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Tao Yuan, Taiwan aff001;  Department of Cardiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan aff002;  Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, Miaoli, Taiwan aff003;  Department of Cardiology, Heart Failure Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan aff004;  College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Tao Yuan, Taiwan aff005;  Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan aff006;  School of Nursing, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan aff007
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224451

Souhrn

Background

Psychological distress is an undifferentiated combination of symptoms that may be related to the occurrence of angina pectoris (AP). However, few studies have investigated the relationship between psychological distress and AP, particularly in Asian populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between psychological distress and AP in Taiwanese adults.

Methods

We adopted a cross-sectional design to explore the data of the 2005–2008 Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan. In total, 2080 subjects (aged ≥ 19 years) responded to questionnaire interviews and underwent physical examinations. Each of the five dimensions of psychological distress (sleep disturbance, anxiety, hostility, depression, and feelings of inferiority) were scored (from 0–20) according to the Five-Item Brief Symptom Rating Scale (BSRS-5). A score ≥ 6 points indicated psychological distress. AP was evaluated using a modified Rose questionnaire.

Findings

In total, 102 subjects (3.6%) had AP, and 231 subjects (8.8%) had symptoms of psychological distress. After adjusting for the basic data, metabolism, and lifestyle covariates, the BSRS-5 total score was associated with AP (odds ratio [OR] = 1.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.13–1.26, p < 0.001). Subjects with psychological distress had a higher risk of AP (OR = 2.97, 95% CI = 1.76–4.99, p < 0.001).

Conclusions

The presence of AP is associated with psychological distress. Health care providers should therefore be aware of the impact of psychological distress on AP. Our study findings can serve as a reference for AP assessments. Large scale longitudinal studies are needed to confirm a causal relationship between psychological distress and AP.

Klíčová slova:

Angina – Cardiology – Cardiovascular diseases – Coronary heart disease – Depression – Gastroenterology and hepatology – Pain sensation – Psychometrics


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 11