Does the psychological profile influence the position of promising young futsal players?


Autoři: Leandro Álvarez-Kurogi aff001;  Wanesa Onetti aff001;  José Carlos Fernández-García aff002;  Alfonso Castillo-Rodríguez aff003
Působiště autorů: UNIR, International University of La Rioja, Faculty of Education, Logroño, Spain aff001;  Department of the Languages, Arts and Sport Didactic, Universidad de Malaga, Andalucía-Tech, IBIMA, Malaga, Spain aff002;  Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Granada, Granada, Spain aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224326

Souhrn

Stress control as well as other psychological characteristics influence sports performance (SP) and could be relevant according to the playing position in team sports, such as the futsal where players have different specific functions within the team. The aim of this study was to analyze the psychological characteristics and profile related to SP of top-level young futsal players, according to the offensive or defensive role. A total of one hundred sixty-seven young promises futsal players participated in this study (84 U16 and 83 U19) and have been chosen to play Championship of Spain Selections. The Psychological Characteristics related to SP for soccer players Questionnaire was used, and one-way ANOVA test was performed based on the playing position (goalkeeper, defender and defender-wing, wing and wing-defender, pivot and wing-pivot, and universal). Results showed that goalkeepers had the best psychological profile and characteristics related to SP. Pivots and wing-pivots had less self-confidence, and universals players, less stress control in relation to the rest of the playing positions (p < 0.05). The main findings revealed that the psychological characteristics and profile related to SP in young promises futsal players are different according to the playing position, and this study suggest the inclusion of psychological-training programs in order to improve the psychological abilities of players, especially for players with offensive role who seek to score goals.

Klíčová slova:

Anxiety – Emotions – Games – Motivation – Psychological stress – Psychometrics – Questionnaires – Sports


Zdroje

1. Yeemin W, Dias CS, Fonseca AM. A Systematic Review of Psychological Studies Applied to Futsal. J Human Kinetics. 2016;50:247–57. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2015-0162

2. Hevilla-Merino A, Castillo-Rodríguez A. Fluctuación de las Características Psicológicas de Rendimiento Deportivo en Jóvenes Futbolistas. Estado Basal vs. Precompetitivo. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte. 2018;18(3):169–78.

3. Moore R, Bullough S, Goldsmith S, Edmondson L. A Systematic Review of Futsal Literature. Am J Sports Sci Med. 2014;2:108–16. https://doi.org/10.12691/ajssm-2-3-8

4. Olmedilla A, Ortega E, Garcés E, Abenza L, Blas A, Laguna M. Psychological profile of professional handball players and differences between specific positions. Rev Lat Psicol. 2015;47:177–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rlp.2015.06.005

5. Mahamud J, Tuero C, Márquez S. Características psicológicas relacionadas con el rendimiento: comparación entre los requerimientos de los entrenadores y la percepción de los deportistas. Revista de Psicología del Deporte. 2005;14:237–51.

6. Geisler G, Kerr JH. Competition stress and affective experiences of Canadian and Japanese futsal players. Int J Sport Psychol. 2007;38:187–206.

7. Açak M. Self-esteem levels among hearing impaired athletes participating in the European Futsal championship. Energy Education Science and Technology Part b: Social and Educational Studies. 2012;4:1523–34.

8. Vilar L, Araujo D, Davids K, Correia V, Esteves PT. Spatial-temporal constraints on decision-making during shooting performance in the team sport of futsal. J Sports Sci. 2013;31:840–6. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2012.753155 23244400

9. Milanez VF, Ramos SP, Okuno NM, Boullosa DA, Nakamura FY. Evidence of a Non-Linear Dose- Response Relationship between Training Load and Stress Markers in Elite Female Futsal Players. J Sports Sci Med. 2014;13:22–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scispo.2014.03.003 24570601

10. Soares-Caldeira LF, De Souza EA, De Freitas VH, De Moraes SM, Leicht AS, Nakamura FY. Effects of additional repeated sprint training during preseason on performance, heart rate variability, and stress symptoms in futsal players: a randomized controlled trial. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28:2815–6. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000461 24662230

11. Correa UC, De Pinho ST, Da Silva SL, Clavijo FA, Souza T, Tani G. Revealing the decision-making of dribbling in the sport of futsal. J Sports Sci. 2016;34: 2321–8. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2016.1232488 27868480

12. Da Silva SL, Travassos B, Davids K, Moreira A, Da Silva AS, Corres UC. Effects of experience, knowledge and skill on regulating the performance of futsal passing actions. Int J Sport Psychol. 2017;48:37–49.

13. Oppici L, Panchuk D, Serpiello F, Farrow D. Long-term Practice with Domain-Specific Task Constraints Influences Perceptual Skills. Frontiers Psychol. 2017;8:1–9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01387

14. Do Nascimento MG, Gomes SA, Mota MR, Aparecida R, De Melo G. Psychological profiles of gender and personality traces of Brazilian professional athletes of futsal, and their influence on physiological parameters. Psychol Res Behav Manag. 2016;9:41–51. doi: 10.2147/PRBM.S77402 27069373

15. Castillo-Rodríguez A, Madinabeitia I, Castillo-Díaz A, Cárdenas D, Alarcón F. La impulsividad determina el rol desempeñado por los jugadores de futsal. Revista de Psicología del Deporte. 2018;27(2):181–8.

16. Williams A, Reilly T. Talent identification and development in soccer. J Sports Sci. 2000;18:657–67. doi: 10.1080/02640410050120041 11043892

17. Pujals C, Fiorese L. Analysis of psychological factors which interfere in soccer athletes' Behaviour. Revista de Educação Física. 2002;13:89–97.

18. Gimeno F, Buceta JM, Pérez-Llantada MC. The influence of psychological variables on sports performance: Assessment with the Questionnaire of Sports Performance-related Psychological Characteristics. Psicothema. 2007;19:667–72. 17959124

19. González G, Cachón J, Romero S. Correlational study of psychological variables self-confidence and anxiety. Motriz: Revista de Educação Física. 2015;21:352–60. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-65742015000400003

20. Abenza L, Bravo JF, Olmedilla A. Psychological strategies for a crisis intervention: the study of a female handball player. Revista de Psicología del Deporte. 2006;15:109–25.

21. Bim RH, Andrade JR, Cardoso A, Lopes JL, Fiorese L. Coping and symptoms of burnout in elite indoor soccer athletes. Revista Brasileira de Ciencia e Movimento. 2014;22:69–75. https://doi.org/10.18511/0103-1716/rbcm.v22n3p69-75

22. Abenza L, Olmedilla A, Ortega E. Effect of injuries on psychological variables among under-19 soccer players. Rev Lat Psic. 2010;42:265–77.

23. Weinberg RS, Gould D. Fundamentos da psicologia do esporte e do exercicio. Porto Alegre: Artmed Editora; 2001.

24. Lorenzo J, Gómez MA, Pujals C, Lorenzo A. Analysis of the effects of a psychological intervention programme for young basketball players. Revista de Psicología del Deporte. 2012;21:43–8.

25. López-López I, Jaenes-Sánchez JC, Cárdenas-Vélez D. Adaptation for footballer (CPRD-F) of "Psychological Characteristics related to the Sport Performance" questionnaire (CPRD). Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte. 2013;13:21–30. https://doi.org/10.4321/S1578-84232013000200003

26. González JM. The relative age effect in football. Archivos de Medicina del Deporte. 2007;24:5–13.

27. Mora J, Zarco JA, Blanca MJ. Atención-concentración como entrenamiento para la mejora del rendimiento deportivo en jugadores profesionales de fútbol. Revista de Psicología del Deporte. 2001;10:49–65.

28. De la Vega R. La importancia del entrenamiento de la concentración en el fútbol base: una perspectiva aplicada. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte. 2003;3:67–82.

29. Silva B, Garganta J, Santos R, Teoldo I. Comparing tactical behaviour of soccer players in 3 vs. 3 and 6 vs. 6 small-sided games. J Hum Kin. 2014;41(1):191–202. https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2014-0047

30. Castelão D, Garganta J, Santos R, Teoldo I. Comparison of tactical behaviour and performance of youth soccer players in 3v3 and 5v5 small-sided games. Int J Perform Anal Sport. 2014;14(3):801–13. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2014.11868759

31. Mirzaei A, Nikbakhsh R, Sharififar F. The relationship between personality traits and sport performance. Eur J Exp Biol. 2013;3(3):439–42.

32. Landi S, Benedetti S, Merla G. The goalkeepers' bravery: A self-efficacy study. In Theodorakis Y. (Ed.), Sport and Exercise Psychology: Bridges between disciplines and cultures. Halkidiki: European Federation of Sport Psychology, 283–4;2007.

33. Krane V, Williams JM. Psychological Characteristics of Peak Performance. In Williams JM. (Ed), Applied Sport Psychology Personal Growth to Peak Performance. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, 207–20;2006.

34. Mutti D. Futsal: da iniciação ao alto nivel. 2nd edition. São Paulo: Phorte; 2003.

35. Paz-Franco A, Bores-Cerezal A, Barcala-Furelos R, Mecias-Calvo M. Analysis of the conducts of elite futsal goalkeeper in the different situations of the game. Am J Sports Sci Med. 2014;2:71–6. https://doi.org/10.12691/ajssm-2-3-1

36. Beato M, Coratella G, Schena F. Brief review of the state of art in futsal. J Sports Med Physical Fitness. 2014;56:428–32.

37. Palucci LH, Milioni F, Barbieri RA, Mazzer C, Palucci E, Tourinho H, Pereira PR. Futsal players' tracking: a literatura review. Revista Mineira de Educação Física, Viçosa. 2016;24:70–107.

38. Santana WC. Futsal: Apontamentos pedagógicos na iniciação e na especialização. Campinas, Brazil: Autores Associados; 2004.

39. Ericsson KA. The influence of experience and deliberate practice on the development of superior expert performance. In Ericsson KA, Charness N, Feltovich P, Hoffman RR. (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of expertise and expert performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 685–706;2006. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511816796

40. Olivier EJ, Hardy J, Markland D. Identifying important practice behaviors for the development of high-level youth athletes: Exploring the perspectives of elite coaches. Psychol Sport Exerc. 2010;11:433–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.05.004

41. Mahoney M, Gabriel TJ, Perkins TS. Psychological Skills and Exceptional Athletic Performance. Sport Psychologist. 1987;1:181–99. https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.1.3.181

42. Olmedilla A, García-Mas A, Ortega E. Psychological characteristics for sport performance in young players of football, rugby, and basketball. Acción Psicológica. 2017;14:7–16. https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.14.1.19249

43. Cohen J. Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. (2nd ed.), New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; 1988.

44. Coe R, Merino C. Effect Size: A guide for researchers and users. Revista de Psicología. 2003;21:147–77.

45. González G, Campos MC, Romero S. Influence of the performance evaluation analysis of the football team players. Retos. Nuevas tendencias en Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación. 2014;25:85–9.

46. Caetano FG, de Oliveira MJ, Marche AL, Nakamura FY, Cunha SA, Moura FA. Characterization of the sprint and repeated-sprint sequences performed by professional futsal players, according to playing position, during official matches. J App Biom. 2015;31:423–9. https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.2014-0159

47. Garcia-Paul AJ, Valera-Sanchez E, Castillo-Rodriguez A. Evaluation of the lateral centres against and throw-ins in favour in semi-professional football. Case study. Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte. 2019;8(1):73–82.

48. Reina-Gomez A, Hernández-Mendo A. Football performance indicators review. Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte. 2016;1(1):1–14.

49. Sepasi H, Nourbakhsh P, Zarasvand KA, Javadi AA. The Relationships between Sporting Imagery, Self-confidence, and Body Mass Index with Sporting Success in Elite Futsal Athletes. Ann Biol Res. 2012;3:5293–5.

50. Gould D, Damarjian N, Medbery R. An examination of mental skill training in junior tennis coaches. Sport Psychologist. 1999;13:127–43. https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.13.2.127

51. Moran A. Attention and concentration training in sport. Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology. 2004;209–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809324-5.05476-6

52. Ureña-Lopera C, Chinchilla-Minguet JL, Castillo-Rodriguez A. Relationship between motivation and situational flow in u16 soccer players in basal and precompetitive state. Retos. 2020;37:538–543.

53. Connaughton D, Wadey R, Hanton S, Jones G. The development and maintenance of mental toughness: Perceptions of elite performers. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2008;26:83–95. doi: 10.1080/02640410701310958 17852671


Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 11