An assessment of khat consumption habit and its linkage to household economies and work culture: The case of Harar city

Autoři: Zerihun Girma Gudata aff001;  Logan Cochrane aff002;  Gutema Imana aff003
Působiště autorů: Haramaya University, CHAMPS Ethiopia, Harar, Ethiopia aff001;  Institute of Policy and Development Research, Hawassa University, Hawasa, Ethiopia aff002;  Haramaya University, Department of Sociology, Harar, Ethiopia aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224606



This study investigates khat consumption habits and its linkage to the economy of a household and works culture in its ‘homeland,’ Harar. Khat consumption habit includes practices that are performed before, during, and after consuming khat. In Harar, it has permeated the local economy, social, political and spiritual lives. To evaluate how khat consumption habit is related to the economy of a household, this study compares the living standard and characteristics of khat consumers and non-consumers.


Both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used. Cluster sampling and lottery methods were used to identify respondents. Data were gathered through individual interviews and non-participant observation.


The results of the study indicate that khat consumption habit affects the economy of the consumer household by negatively influencing their income usage and time management. Consumer households have significant, additional burdens on their income and time. The average monthly expenditure of a household on khat ceremonies is 1,800 ETB (30% of their income) and consumers spend an average of 112.5 hours monthly on khat related activities only. The habit of khat consumption also negatively associated with the work culture of consumers, as they leave for lunch break early and come back to work late.


Khat consumption habit does have a linkage to the bad economic situation of consumer households. It places a significant financial and time burdens on individuals, and as a result society. The work and saving culture of khat consumers are negatively affected. Khat consumption forces many into a cycle of borrowing and indebtedness. Concerned bodies should not underestimate the impacts of khat consumption on individuals and society.

Klíčová slova:

Economics – Employment – Ethiopia – Fathers – Habits – Human families – Salaries – Khat


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2019 Číslo 11