Behavioural evidence for segments as subordinate units in Chinese spoken word production: The form-preparation paradigm revisited

Autoři: Jie Wang aff001;  Andus Wing-Kuen Wong aff002;  Yiu-Kei Tsang aff003;  Suiping Wang aff004;  Hsuan-Chih Chen aff005
Působiště autorů: Department of Psychology, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong S.A.R., China aff001;  Nam Shan Psychology Laboratory, Department of Social and Behavioural Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong S.A.R., China aff002;  Department of Education Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong S.A.R., China aff003;  School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China aff004;  Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong S.A.R., China aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225718


It is widely acknowledged that phonemic segments are primary phonological units, processed serially, in spoken word production of Germanic languages. However, evidence for a behavioural effect of single-segment overlap on Chinese spoken word production is lacking. The current study adopted the form-preparation paradigm to investigate the effects of segment predictability and segment repetition separately, which were mixed in previous studies. Native Mandarin Chinese speakers named pictures in the following conditions: predictable, unpredictable, and no segment repetition. Different positions in words (i.e., the onset and the rhyme) were examined at the same time. Results revealed a facilitation effect of onset predictability masked by an inhibition tendency of onset repetition, indicating Chinese speakers’ ability to prepare the predictable onset. In contrast, rhyme predictability showed a non-significant effect. This pattern of results did not change no matter whether the conditions of unpredictable onset repetition and unpredictable rhyme repetition were mixed in the same context (Experiment 1) or extracted from different blocked contexts (Experiment 2). The finding provides essential support to the claim that phonemic segments are functionally engaged in Chinese spoken word production, and thus adds original evidence to the universal aspect of spoken word production.

Klíčová slova:

Behavior – Consonants – Languages – Linguistics – Phonology – Semantics – Survey research – Syllables


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Článek vyšel v časopise


2019 Číslo 11