Monitoring quality indicators for the Xpert MTB/RIF molecular assay in Ethiopia


Autoři: Abebaw Kebede aff001;  Dereje Beyene aff002;  Bazezew Yenew aff001;  Getu Diriba aff001;  Zemedu Mehamd aff001;  Ayinalem Alemu aff001;  Misikr Amare aff001;  Gobena Ameni aff003
Působiště autorů: Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia aff001;  Department of Microbial, Cellular and Molecular Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia aff002;  Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225205

Souhrn

Introduction

In Ethiopia, >300 GeneXpert instruments have been deployed for tuberculosis (TB) testing using the Xpert MTB/RIF cartridge. Implementing quality indicators is necessary for monitoring and evaluating the quality of Xpert MTB/RIF diagnostic services.

Objective

To assess the use of quality indicators for the Xpert MTB/RIF molecular assay in Ethiopia and to compare the findings with the predefined targets described in the literature.

Methods

Clinical specimens collected from patients with suspected TB were subjected to Xpert MTB/RIF testing at the National TB Reference Laboratory (NTRL) between January and December 2018. Data were collected from GeneXpert software and Laboratory Information System (LIS) databases. Quality indicators were calculated and analyzed. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed using SPSS software version 20 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA).

Results

Of the 2515 specimens tested, 2274 (90.4%) had successful test results; 18.2% were positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Among MTB positives (n = 413), 4.8% and 1.0% were rifampicin (RIF)-resistant and RIF-indeterminate cases, respectively. Unsuccessful results were 241 (9.6%); 8.9% of the total number of tests were errors, 0.04% had invalid results and 0.6% ‘no result’. The most frequent error was probe check failure (error 5007). Instrument module A4, B2, B3, C3, and D3 (p<0.05) and tester experience (p<0.05) had a statistically significant association with errors in multivariate analysis. Additional 42 MTB cases (9.2% of the total cases) were detected among unsuccessful results by follow-up tests. Sixty-four percent of the initial test results were released within the turnaround time (TAT) ≤24 hours.

Conclusion

Most of the quality indicators for the Xpert MTB/RIF molecular assay were maintained within the targets. However, the error rate and TAT were out of the targets. Defective modules and lacking experience were the factors affecting successful test outcomes.

Klíčová slova:

Ethiopia – Government laboratories – Polymerase chain reaction – Specimen preparation and treatment – Sputum – Tuberculosis


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 11