Contingent negative variation during a modified cueing task in simulated driving


Autoři: Zizheng Guo aff001;  Xi Tan aff001;  Yufan Pan aff001;  Xian Liu aff001;  Guozhen Zhao aff004;  Lin Wang aff001;  Zhen Peng aff005
Působiště autorů: School of Transportation and Logistics, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China aff001;  National United Engineering Laboratory of Integrated and Intelligent Transportation, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China aff002;  National Engineering Laboratory for Comprehensive Transportation Big Date Application Technology, National Development and Reform Commission, Beijing, China aff003;  CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Beijing, China aff004;  School of Arts and Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224966

Souhrn

The obscured pedestrian-motor vehicle crash has become a serious danger to driving safety. The present study aims to investigate the contingent negative variation (CNV) during the anticipation of an obscured pedestrian-motor vehicle crash in simulated driving. We adopted two cueing tasks: (i) a traditional cognitive paradigm of cueing task that has been widely used to study anticipatory process, and (ii) a modified cueing task in simulated driving scenes, in which Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals of 32 participants were recorded to detect the CNV. Simulated car following and pedestrian crossing tasks were designed to measure anticipation-related driving behaviors. The results showed that both early and late CNVs were observed in two cueing tasks. The mean amplitude of the late CNV during a modified cueing task in simulated driving was significantly larger than that in a traditional cueing task, which was not the case for the early CNV potentials. In addition, both early and late CNVs elicited in simulated driving were significantly correlated with anticipatory driving behaviors (e.g., the minimum time to collision). These findings show that CNV potentials during the anticipation of an obscured pedestrian-motor vehicle crash might predict anticipation-related risky driving behaviors.

Klíčová slova:

Brakes – Cognition – Electrode potentials – Electroencephalography – Event-related potentials – Roads – Scalp – Sensory cues


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2019 Číslo 11