Conceptual fluency in inductive reasoning


Autoři: Michael Dantlgraber aff001;  Tim Kuhlmann aff001;  Ulf-Dietrich Reips aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225050

Souhrn

Psychological effects connected with fluent processing are called fluency effects. In a sample of 403 participants we test whether conceptual fluency effects can be found in the context of inductive reasoning, a context that has not been investigated before. As a conceptual manipulation we vary the use of symbols (persons and crosses) in reasoning tasks. These symbols were chosen to provide hints for the solution of the implemented tasks and thus manipulate fluency. We found evidence that these hints influence ease of processing. The proportion of solved tasks increased by 11% on average in the condition with conceptual hints, F(1,399) = 13.47, partial η2 = .033, p < .001. However, we did not find an effect of the conceptual manipulation on the temporal perception of the task. In a second study (n = 62) we strengthened our findings by investigating solution strategies for the tasks in more detail, 79% of the participants described the tasks in a way they were intended. Our results illustrate the advantages of the separation of ease of processing, fluency experience, and judgments.

Klíčová slova:

Cognition – Conceptual semantics – Memory – Metacognition – Ontologies – Perception – Reasoning – Sensory perception


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 11