The factors associated with being left-behind children in China: Multilevel analysis with nationally representative data

Autoři: Lian Tong aff001;  Qiong Yan aff001;  Ichiro Kawachi aff002
Působiště autorů: Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China aff001;  Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, United States of America aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224205


There are 69.7 million left-behind children (LBC) in China. Using nationally representative monitoring data for migrant workers aged 15 to 59 years in China, this study sought to estimate the prevalence of LBC in each province, and to examine risk factors being left behind at both the individual and provincial level. Data on a total of 117,573 children less than 18 years of age were included in the multilevel analysis. At individual and family level, children’s gender, age, family income, migration distance, parental separation, and housing condition in host cities were associated with being LBC. The average household monthly income in the host province was significantly associated with the migrant parents’ arrangement to leave their children behind. Comprehensive supportive policies and strategies on schooling, housing for the migrant family in host cities might be beneficial to reduce the number of LBC in China.

Klíčová slova:

Economics of migration – Health insurance – Housing – Human families – Children – China – Schools – Urban areas


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Článek vyšel v časopise


2019 Číslo 11