Radiocarbon dating and cultural dynamics across Mongolia’s early pastoral transition


Autoři: William Taylor aff001;  Shevan Wilkin aff001;  Joshua Wright aff003;  Michael Dee aff004;  Myagmar Erdene aff005;  Julia Clark aff006;  Tumurbaatar Tuvshinjargal aff007;  Jamsranjav Bayarsaikhan aff008;  William Fitzhugh aff009;  Nicole Boivin aff001
Působiště autorů: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Department of Archaeology, Jena, Germany aff001;  University of Colorado Museum of Natural History, Boulder, United States of America aff002;  University of Aberdeen, Department of Archaeology, Aberdeen, Scotland aff003;  University of Groningen, Center for Isotope Research, Groningen, Netherlands aff004;  National University of Mongolia, Department of Archaeology, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia aff005;  Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia aff006;  Christian Albrechts University, Institute of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology, Keil, Germany aff007;  National Museum of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia aff008;  Smithsonian Institute, Department of Archaeology, Arctic Studies Center, Washington D.C., United States of America aff009;  University of Queensland, School of Social Science, Brisbane, Australia aff010;  University of Calgary, Department of Anthropology and Archaeology, Calgary, Canada aff011;  Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C., United States of America aff012
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224241

Souhrn

The emergence of mobile herding lifeways in Mongolia and eastern Eurasia was one of the most crucial economic and cultural transitions in human prehistory. Understanding the process by which this played out, however, has been impeded by the absence of a precise chronological framework for the prehistoric era in Mongolia. One rare source of empirically dateable material useful for understanding eastern Eurasia’s pastoral tradition comes from the stone burial mounds and monumental constructions that began to appear across the landscape of Mongolia and adjacent regions during the Bronze Age (ca. 3000–700 BCE). Here, along with presenting 28 new radiocarbon dates from Mongolia’s earliest pastoral monumental burials, we synthesise, critically analyse, and model existing dates to present the first precision Bayesian radiocarbon model for the emergence and geographic spread of Bronze Age monument and burial forms. Model results demonstrate a cultural succession between ambiguously dated Afanasievo, Chemurchek, and Munkhkhairkhan traditions. Geographic patterning reveals the existence of important cultural frontiers during the second millennium BCE. This work demonstrates the utility of a Bayesian approach for investigating prehistoric cultural dynamics during the emergence of pastoral economies.

Klíčová slova:

Archaeological dating – Archaeology – Collagens – Culture – Deer – Horses – Mongolia – Radioactive carbon dating


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 11