The impact of leisure activities on older adults’ cognitive function, physical function, and mental health


Autoři: Giovanni Sala aff001;  Daniela Jopp aff002;  Fernand Gobet aff003;  Madoka Ogawa aff004;  Yoshiko Ishioka aff005;  Yukie Masui aff004;  Hiroki Inagaki aff004;  Takeshi Nakagawa aff006;  Saori Yasumoto aff007;  Tatsuro Ishizaki aff004;  Yasumichi Arai aff008;  Kazunori Ikebe aff009;  Kei Kamide aff010;  Yasuyuki Gondo aff007
Působiště autorů: Institute for Comprehensive Medical Science, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Japan aff001;  Institute of Psychology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland aff002;  Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, United Kingdom aff003;  Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo, Japan aff004;  Graduate School of Science and Technology, Keio University, Yokohama, Japan aff005;  National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Aichi, Japan aff006;  Graduate School of Human Sciences, University of Osaka, Osaka, Japan aff007;  Center for Supercentenarian Medical Research, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan aff008;  Graduate School of Dentistry, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan aff009;  Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan aff010
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225006

Souhrn

Engagement in leisure activities has been claimed to be highly beneficial in the elderly. Practicing such activities is supposed to help older adults to preserve cognitive function, physical function, and mental health, and thus to contribute to successful aging. We used structural equation modeling (SEM) to analyze the impact of leisure activities on these constructs in a large sample of Japanese older adults (N = 809; age range 72–74). The model exhibited an excellent fit (CFI = 1); engaging in leisure activities was positively associated with all the three successful aging indicators. These findings corroborate previous research carried out in Western countries and extend its validity to the population of Eastern older adults. Albeit correlational in nature, these results suggest that active engagement in leisure activities can help older adults to maintain cognitive, physical, and mental health. Future research will clarify whether there is a causal relationship between engagement in leisure activities and successful aging.

Klíčová slova:

Aging – Cognition – Elderly – Geriatrics – Mental health and psychiatry – Music cognition – Psychometrics – Questionnaires


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2019 Číslo 11